BOSTON — Jury selection in the trial of reputed Boston mobster James "Whitey" Bulger began Tuesday with instructions from a federal judge.
U.S. District Judge Denise Casper told the first pool of 225 potential jurors that the mere fact they have heard or read something about the case does not mean they will be excluded from being selected.
She said the "critical issue" is if they can put what they've read or heard aside and base their finding on what they hear in the courtroom.
A second pool of 225 potential jurors will be brought in Tuesday afternoon, then a third pool of 225 Wednesday morning.
They will spend Tuesday and Wednesday filling out lengthy questionnaires. Questioning of potential jurors begins Thursday.
Once the pool is winnowed down, potential jurors will be questioned individually.
The judge has said she hopes to complete the selection process Friday, with opening statements from prosecutors and defense attorneys expected on June 10.
Twelve regular jurors and six alternates will be chosen.
Bulger, the reputed former leader of the Winter Hill Gang, is accused of a long list of crimes, including participating in 19 killings. Authorities say he committed the crimes while he was an
Bulger, now 83, was one of the nation's most wanted fugitives after he fled Boston in 1994. He spent more than 16 years on the run before being captured in Santa Monica in 2011.
Casper said Monday that “given the circumstances” of the case, the names of jurors will not be made public until after the jury delivers its verdict. She cited the intense media attention the case has received and the expected three-month duration of the trial.
The jurors will be referred to by numbers instead of names, a process that has been used in other high-profile cases. Casper said the jurors' names will eventually be released, but not until after the trial is over.
On Monday, Casper heard more than a dozen pretrial motions from prosecutors and Bulger's defense attorneys.
Casper ruled that Bulger's FBI informant file can be admitted as evidence during the trial. Prosecutors have said the file contains more than 700 pages of documents chronicling Bulger's role as an informant who provided information on the New England Mafia, his group's main rival.
Bulger's lawyers deny that he was an informant but had planned to use his claim that he received immunity from a federal prosecutor as a defense at his trial.
The judge rejected that request in an earlier ruling, finding that any purported immunity agreement was “not a defense to the crimes charged.”
Assistant U.S. Atty. Brian Kelly argued Monday that Bulger's lawyers appeared to be trying to use the immunity defense despite the judge's ruling. He cited the defense witness list, which includes FBI Director
“It seems clear to us that they are trying to put that evidence before the jury in some fashion,” Kelly said.
J.W. Carney Jr., Bulger's attorney, said the defense has “other reasons” for calling the men as witnesses, but he did not elaborate.
The government's witness list includes a collection of notorious gangsters, including Bulger's former partner, Stephen “The Rifleman” Flemmi, who is serving a life sentence after pleading guilty in 10 murders. Former hitman John Martorano, who admitted killing 20 people, also is expected to testify.
People who believe their family members were killed by Bulger will be allowed to testify, but they won't be allowed to describe the emotional impact of losing their loved ones.
Bulger's defense lawyers had sought to limit testimony from relatives of the 19 people he and his cohorts are accused of killing.
Carney argued that the families should not be allowed to give victim impact statements like those given during sentencing hearings.
Kelly said they would focus only on factual information, including asking the relatives to identify their loved ones in photos taken after they were killed.
“We do not intend to turn it into a sentencing hearing,” Kelly said.