The e-mails and interview transcripts made public by the House Judiciary Committee show Rove and other White House aides paying particular attention to complaints from Republican officials in New Mexico that U.S. Atty. David C. Iglesias had failed to help their election prospects by prosecuting alleged instances of voter fraud.
Iglesias was fired in 2006, one of nine dismissals of U.S. attorneys that Democrats said were motivated by politics. The firings became the subject of a long-running political fight in Washington.
House Democrats called Rove the driving force in several of the firings and said the new evidence confirmed that partisan politics played an unusual role in the dismissals.
"Honest and well-performing U.S. attorneys were fired for petty patronage, political horse-trading and, in the most egregious case of political abuse of the U.S. attorney corps -- that of U.S. Attorney Iglesias -- because he refused to use his office to help Republicans win elections," said Rep. John Conyers (D-Mich.), chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, in a written statement.
Rove, who was Bush's top political advisor, has said he merely passed objections to the Justice Department about some of the U.S. attorneys. In a statement Tuesday, he said the newly released documents supported his position.
"They show politics played no role in the Bush administration's removal of U.S. attorneys," Rove said, "that I never sought to influence the conduct of any prosecution, and that I played no role in deciding which U.S. attorneys were retained and which replaced."
When the unusual midterm firings of the U.S. attorneys came to light early in 2007, the Bush administration denied that the White House played a role. Then-Atty. Gen. Alberto R. Gonzales initially referred to the dismissals as a routine personnel matter.
But several congressional hearings and a lengthy report by the Justice Department's inspector general released last year showed that Bush aides in both the White House and the Justice Department were closely involved in the firings.
The new documents were produced as part of an investigation by the House Judiciary Committee, which subpoenaed Rove and former White House Counsel Harriet Miers and questioned both in recent weeks.
A current federal prosecutor, U.S. Atty. Nora Dannehy, also has been investigating the firings to see if any laws were violated. The House documents were forwarded to Dannehy, who has already interviewed Rove and Miers.
Democrats say the documents show that top Bush administration officials breached a tradition of generally keeping U.S. attorneys free of political interference.
In the case of Iglesias, the new documents show that White House officials held an active conversation about his performance.
"I would really like to move forward with getting rid of NM USATTY," wrote J. Scott Jennings, a Rove aide in the Office of Political Affairs, to another White House aide, referring to Iglesias. New Mexico lawmakers "are really angry over his lack of action on the voter fraud stuff. Iglesias has done nothing. We are getting killed out there."
Miers told House members at a closed hearing that Rove called her while he was on a trip through New Mexico. He was "getting barraged" with complaints about Iglesias and was "agitated" about him.
"It was clear to me that he felt like he had a serious problem and that he wanted something done about it," Miers told House members. She passed Rove's complaints to the Justice Department.
The documents also show that former Sen. Pete V. Domenici (R-N.M.) called both Rove and Bush's chief of staff, Josh Bolten, to lobby for Iglesias' removal.
White House officials were consulted in at least some of the other firings of U.S. attorneys, according to the new documents.
In a 2005 e-mail to Miers, a colleague says that "Karl is fine" with a plan to replace Todd Graves, then the U.S. attorney in Kansas City, Mo. Other e-mails say that Sen. Christopher S. Bond (R-Mo.) had requested that Graves be replaced.