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International Court of Justice

Will Africa punish an African dictator?

Will Africa punish an African dictator?

For an eight-year period ending in 1990, when he was deposed by an insurgency led by one of his former proteges, President Hissene Habre of Chad led a dictatorial regime that human rights activists say was responsible for the deaths of more than 40,000 people. In the years since, Habre has lived in comfortable exile in a suburb of Dakar, the capital of Senegal, as that country, Chad, Belgium and the African Union wrangled over what to do with him.

Under pressure from the International Court of Justice to either prosecute Habre or extradite him, Senegal and the African Union established the Extraordinary African Chambers in Dakar two years ago to preside over Habre's trial. Efforts...