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Democracy in Africa

Nigeria’s democratic transition from one government to another sends a powerful message on a continent where leaders commonly cling to power. Few countries have seen a democratic transfer.

Successful democratic transitions:

Senegal

Benin

Kenya

Liberia

Ghana

Zambia

Malawi

GHANA: Two peaceful transfers of power, in 2000 and 2008.

ZAMBIA: In 2011, President Rupiah Banda steps down after defeat.

SENEGAL: In 2012, incumbent Abdoulaye Wade loses to Macky Sall.

KENYA: Opposition candidate Mwai Kibaki wins presidency in 2002.

LIBERIA: After civil war and transition government, Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf wins presidency in 2006.

BENIN: In 1991, Nicephore Soglo defeats longtime dictator Mathieu Kerekou.

MALAWI: Peter Mutharika defeats incumbent Joyce Banda in 2014.

And some won't leave:

Sudan

Cameroon

Uganda

Equatorial

Guinea

Angola

Zimbabwe

CAMEROON: Paul Biya, 39 years in power.

EQUATORIAL GUINEA: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, 35 years.

ANGOLA: Jose Eduardo dos Santos, 35 years.

ZIMBABWE: Robert Mugabe, 34 years.

UGANDA: Yoweri Museveni, 29 years.

SUDAN: Omar Hassan Ahmed Bashir, 25 years.

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