Other cardinals hail from Ethiopia, Thailand and Vietnam. Another is from Sicily, where the church in recent decades has been galvanizing public rejection of the Mafia.
Referring to the Vatican, Francis told a crowd in St. Peter's Square that the churchmen come "from every continent" and "show the indelible tie with the church of Rome to churches in the world."
In addition to the 15 new cardinals who are under 80 and thus eligible to vote for the next pope, Francis bestowed the honor on five prelates older than that. He said they distinguished themselves for their work in the Vatican bureaucracy, in diplomatic service and in giving witness to their love of Christ and God's people. Those included men from the pope's native Argentina, Mozambique and Colombia.
Speaking from a Vatican window looking out on St. Peter's Square, Francis made another surprise announcement. He said that on Feb. 12-13, he will lead of meeting of all cardinals to "reflect on the orientations and proposals for the reform of the Roman Curia," the Vatican's administrative bureaucracy.