After heavy fighting, Sunni Muslim militants fighting under the banner of Al Qaeda reportedly have in effect taken control of Fallouja and secured large parts of Ramadi, the province's most important cities. Government forces and allied tribal groups have vowed to retake the area.
The losses have undermined Prime Minister
Kerry said Washington was concerned about the resurgence of Al Qaeda in Anbar, where U.S. troops saw some of the bloodiest combat during the insurgency that erupted after the American invasion of Iraq in 2003.
"We are not, obviously, contemplating returning," Kerry told reporters in Jerusalem, where he is on a Middle East trip. "We're not contemplating putting boots on the ground. This is their fight, but we're going to help them in their fight."
He said the Obama administration plans to be in "close contact with all of the Iraq political leaders," including tribal allies from Anbar. "We are going to do everything that is possible to help them."
He did not say what Washington plans to do, however, and relations with Maliki's government are tense. The
Kerry said the growing violence in Anbar, which borders Syria, has ominous implications for countries regionwide.
"This is a fight that is bigger than just Iraq.... The fighting in Syria is part of what is unleashing this instability in the rest of the region," he said.
Violence also erupted in Baghdad on Sunday. Three car bombs and two roadside bombs exploded in several areas, killing at least 18 people and wounding dozens.
In Washington, Tony Blinken, the deputy national security advisor, spoke by telephone with Iraqi National Security Advisor Faleh Fayyad. Blinken expressed U.S. support for the Iraqi forces fighting militants from the Al Qaeda-backed Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, according to a White House statement.
"Senior officials from the White House, the
Earlier, the State Department issued a statement condemning what it called the militants' "barbarism against civilians" of Ramadi and Fallouja and against Iraqi security forces.
Iraqi military leaders said Sunday that they were aiming to remove the militants within two to three days, working with pro-government Sunni tribes in the region. They said the military is mainly proving aerial cover and ground logistics.
"There will be no retreat until we eliminate this gang and rid the people of Anbar of their evil acts," Maliki said, according to wire service reports.
Two Republican critics of the decision to withdraw all U.S. troops, Sens. John McCain of Arizona and Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, said in a joint statement that the fighting was "predictable" because Al Qaeda was rushing to fill a security vacuum in Iraq left by the U.S. departure.
"While many Iraqis are responsible for this strategic disaster, the administration cannot escape its share of the blame," they said.