Syria is embroiled in a civil war pitting opposition rebels desperate to wrest control from forces loyal to President
In the interview, published over the weekend, Brahimi said he had hoped Assad would take on the role of kingmaker instead of staying on as president. But he said many underestimated Assad, who recently received 88.7% of the vote in a presidential election that was limited to government-held regions and which drew widespread international condemnation.
"But the thing is they thought that the regime was going to fall easily -- complete misconception. Syria has a state, it has an army, and it was assumed that it was going to fall just like Libya did," he said.
Brahimi said military intervention to oust Assad would be "very, very dangerous," drawing a comparison to Iraq. But he said a U.N. peacekeeping force might eventually offer a solution.
"The Syrians would have to agree for the U.N. to come in," he said. "It doesn't look likely today or tomorrow, but this conflict has got to be resolved. And it will be at some point. The question is: How much killing and destruction are we going to have before that happens? People are telling me that [the Syrian city of] Homs looks like Berlin in 1945."