THE signals of summer are suddenly everywhere, like a downswell of orange blossoms filtering through a shift in the warming wind. Clamshells of ripe berries at the market, the low hum of Vin Scully’s broadcast on the radio, barbecues and white linen shirts and the promise of dinners outside.
Now imagine a dessert perfectly matched to this unfolding season, one with vertical aspirations and pockets of light -- an edible basket of fruit called a Pavlova. Assembled from a meringue cloud, pillowed with cream and spilling over with an abundance of fruit, a Pavlova is also a disarmingly easy dessert. Simple to make, quick to assemble, a perfect vehicle for a whole season of berries and cherries and apricots and peaches, it’s a dessert with an unexpected, rustic elegance.
Piled high on a tray or even a wooden board and carried out as the coda to a late spring patio dinner, it makes the kind of impression a cook dreams about.
There’s also something inherently funny -- even slightly perverse -- about naming an oversize, rustic dessert topped with a tumble of fruit for a waif-like Russian ballet dancer. That’s part of the Pavlova’s charm, of course. Invented in either Australia or New Zealand (both lay zealous claim to it) in the early 20th century, the meringue dish was named to honor the legendary Anna Pavlova, who visited both countries in the 1920s. Fresh strawberries, kiwis and passion fruit combined to top the original.
Now the national dessert of both countries, the Pavlova has come down to us as a kind of edible symbol, not only of balletic art, but of colonial ingenuity. Unlike its ornate meringue cousin the vacherin, a beautiful if rather fussy dessert, the Pavlova is composed of a free-form meringue upon which whipped cream and fresh fruit are piled with lovely abandon. That’s it. No piping bags, no careful composition. The fresh cream is mounded almost recklessly, the berries strewn like a handful of petals newly gathered from the garden.
The meringue base is as easy to make as the Pavlova is to assemble -- it’s basically just beaten egg whites with sugar. And the meringue can, and should, be made a few hours ahead of time.
THE trick to a good Pavlova is a meringue that has a crisp outside and a tender but not gooey interior. Unlike many smaller meringues, which are crisp throughout, a Pavlova depends on varying textures. Its signature crunchy exterior, crevassed like a desert floor, breaks through to a light and airy center that has a texture like homemade marshmallow. The trick to accomplishing this is incredibly simple: the addition of a little cornstarch and vinegar.
Simply beat egg whites at room temperature (if they’re cold they won’t get as much loft) with a pinch of salt until soft peaks form, then add superfine sugar, a little at a time so as not to deflate the meringue. (Though you can use regular sugar with good results, the superfine ensures that the sugar gets fully dissolved into the meringue.) Continue beating until the meringue has stiff peaks, then sprinkle the cornstarch over it and add white wine vinegar and a little vanilla. A few more whisks and the meringue is done.
Then just mound the meringue onto a parchment-lined cookie sheet, spooning the meringue up slightly higher on the sides than in the center so that it’s a little concave, and put into a 350-degree oven. Immediately turn the oven down to 300 degrees, then cook the meringue for an hour and a half. It will rise to impressive proportions, blooming and then forming cracks and fissures as it cooks -- it’s like a cool geologic experiment viewed with time-lapse photography. When the meringue is done, turn the oven off, prop open the door and leave it alone. Don’t worry if the meringue falls: Unlike a souffle, it should settle a bit, and the resulting dips and valleys create a perfect base for the filling. Left undisturbed, a few hours later your Pavlova shell is cool and dry and ready for assembly.
Meringues are light, easy and kind of miraculous -- but they should be served as soon as they’re piled with their luscious fillings because they’ll soon get soggy.
As soon as your guests are ready for dessert, top a cooled Pavlova shell with unsweetened whipped cream (the meringue is sweet enough) flavored with a vanilla bean or a hint of cinnamon and start piling on the glorious fruit.
Use whatever fruit looks good at the market, or a combination of your favorites.
To highlight the flavor of fresh berries, toss them with a little sugar, maybe a little grated orange or lemon zest, a splash of liqueur or Banyuls vinegar. The acid gives a little zing, which balances the sweetness as it brings out the spicy notes of the fruit.
Macerate perfumey strawberries, delicate raspberries, huge blackberries or a handful of tart blueberries for half an hour, then they’re ready to go. A sprinkle of crushed pistachios brings color as it further plays up the varying textures of the dessert.
Or grab some of the first cherries of the season, which have yet to reach peak flavor. Roast a few pounds of Burlats or Bings, their pits intact, in a little sugar, vanilla, almond oil and Armagnac. As the alcohol burns off and the oil keeps the fruit from burning, the flavors coalesce: The almond oil accentuates the faint almond flavor that cherries get when cooked in their pits, and the Armagnac adds a deep caramel note while it cuts through the sugars. Pile a Pavlova shell with whipped cream, then spoon the cherries over the top. They’ll spill and tumble over the side like errant jewels.
And in a few weeks, when apricots and peaches start pouring into farmers markets, give them a quick roast in a hot oven with a little cinnamon, a vanilla bean and Cognac, then peel and slice them and pair with unsweetened heavy cream whipped with a little creme fraiche. Or when the peaches are ripe and juicy, simply peel and slice them and strew them over the top. Or you could give them a soak in a little red wine first.
In fact, a Pavlova is endlessly adaptable. Instead of or in addition to whipped cream, add sorbet or ice cream. Spoon on lemon curd, mascarpone and blackberries, or add pastry cream and a fruit coulis. Mix and match the fruit. Go the chocolate route, shaving a chunk of semisweet Valrhona and lacing strawberries and cream with a rich chocolate sauce.
PASTRY chefs love Pavlovas, of course, though restaurant versions tend to be individual-sized, and therefore a little more precious and formal.
At Literati II in Santa Monica, Kimberly Sklar is doing a Pavlova with vanilla cream, strawberry-rhubarb sorbet, a rhubarb compote and fresh strawberries; she also likes to play with tart ingredients such as candied kumquats and extra-bitter chocolate.
At Joe’s in Venice, mango-strawberry salad, passion fruit creme fraiche and coconut sorbet are piled onto a pistachio meringue. At Campanile, it’s lemon curd with fresh and cooked blueberries. And at the newly opened Sapphire Laguna in Laguna Beach, it’s classic passion fruit all the way.
Come fall, you might find a green apple Pavlova at Hatfield’s in West Hollywood, with green apple sorbet, paper-thin marinated apples and whipped cream.
Of course you could stay home and keep it rustic and simple. Saute your own apples with lemon zest and cloves, or braise some dried apricots in red wine and a little sugar. Add prunes macerated in Armagnac, or late season strawberries laced with lavender. Or dried apricots in Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise spiked with a stalk of lemongrass. Toss on some dried cherries, a rain of toasted hazelnuts.
Think of a Pavlova as a kind of rustic tabula rasa, a basket spun from sugar and light and ready for whatever your imagination -- and your fruit bowl -- can fill it with.
Roasted cherry Pavlova with cinnamon whipped cream
Total time: About 20 minutes, plus cooling time
Servings: 10 to 12
1 pint whipping cream, chilled
1/8 teaspoon ground cinnamon
3 pounds fresh cherries, stemmed but not pitted
6 tablespoons sugar
6 tablespoons Armagnac or Cognac
4 1/2 tablespoons almond oil
1 1/2 vanilla beans, split lengthwise
1 Pavlova shell
1. Place the cold cream and the cinnamon into a large bowl (if using a standing mixer, place the ingredients into the bowl of the standing mixer). Using a standing mixer fitted with a whisk attachment, a handheld mixer or a balloon whisk, whip the cream until soft peaks form. Chill until ready for assembly.
2. Heat the oven to 400 degrees. In a large bowl, combine the cherries, sugar, Armagnac or Cognac and almond oil. Scrape seeds from the vanilla bean into the mixture and combine. Pour the mixture into a medium baking dish and bake until the cherries are slightly soft, about 8 minutes. Remove from the oven and allow to cool slightly before assembling the Pavlova.
3. When ready to assemble, place the cooled Pavlova shell onto a large platter. Mound the whipped cream in the center, then spoon the roasted cherries over the cream. Cut into slices at the table.
Each of 12 servings: 471 calories; 4 grams protein; 68 grams carbohydrates; 2 grams fiber; 20 grams fat; 10 grams saturated fat; 54 mg. cholesterol; 64 mg. sodium.
Berry Pavlova with vanilla whipped cream and pistachios
Total time: About 20 minutes, plus macerating time for the berries
Servings: 10 to 12
Note: Banyuls vinegar is available at Surfas in Culver City, Nicole’s in Pasadena and the Cheese Store of Silver Lake. You can also use balsamic vinegar.
1/4 cup shelled pistachios
2 pints strawberries
1/2 pint blueberries
1/2 pint blackberries
1/2 pint raspberries
1/2 cup sugar
1 tablespoon Banyuls vinegar
1 pint whipping cream, chilled
1 vanilla bean, split
1 Pavlova shell
1. Heat the oven to 350 degrees. Place the pistachios on a baking sheet and toast until just lightly golden, 8 to 10 minutes. Set aside.
2. Carefully rinse the strawberries, blueberries, blackberries and raspberries. Hull and halve the strawberries. Place berries into a bowl with the sugar and vinegar. Set aside to macerate for 30 minutes.
3. Pour the cold whipping cream into a large bowl (or the bowl of a standing mixer if using). Scrape the seeds from the vanilla bean into the cream. Using a standing mixer fitted with the whisk attachment, a handheld mixer or a balloon whisk, whisk the cream until soft peaks form, about 2 minutes. Chill until ready for assembly.
4. When ready to assemble, place the cooled Pavlova shell onto a large platter. Mound the whipped cream in the center, then spoon the macerated berries over the cream. Crush the pistachios slightly (using a rolling pan or heavy pot); sprinkle the pistachios over top. Cut into slices at the table.
Each of 12 servings: 402 calories; 5 grams protein; 63 grams carbohydrates; 3 grams fiber; 16 grams fat; 9 grams saturated fat; 54 mg. cholesterol; 65 mg. sodium.
Total time: 25 minutes, plus
baking and cooling time
Servings: 10 to 12
Note: Adapted from a recipe by Jenni Barnett.
8 egg whites, at room
Pinch of salt
2 1/2 cups superfine sugar
4 tablespoons cornstarch
2 teaspoons white wine
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
1. Heat the oven to 350 degrees. Draw an 8-inch circle on a sheet of parchment paper and line a baking sheet with the parchment.
2. In a standing mixer fitted with a whisk or using a handheld mixer, beat the egg whites and salt on medium-high speed until peaks form, about 3 minutes.
3. With the machine on medium speed, whisk in the sugar a little at a time, then turn the machine back to high to fully incorporate.
4. Add the cornstarch and whisk to blend, then add the vinegar and, when incorporated, whisk in the vanilla.
5. Pile the meringue onto the parchment paper, using a spatula to spread the meringue around the circle and piling the sides slightly higher than the middle. Put into the oven and immediately reduce the temperature to 300 degrees.
6. Bake the meringue for 1 1/2 hours, then turn the oven off and prop open the door. Let the meringue cool down completely. It can be stored uncovered for several hours.
Each serving: 184 calories; 2 grams protein; 44 grams carbohydrates; 0 fiber; 0 fat; 0 saturated fat; 0 cholesterol; 49 mg. sodium.
On the Web
For a step-by-step guide on how to make a Pavlova base, along with ice cream recipes that make use of all those extra egg yolks, go to latimes.com/food.