Lawmakers on Thursday demanded that General Motors Co. fire its chief lawyer and open its compensation plan to more potential victims as a Senate subcommittee delved deeper into GM's mishandling of the recall of small cars with defective ignition switches.
Sen. Claire McCaskill (D-Mo.), who chairs the subcommittee, praised GM Chief Executive Mary Barra, saying she "has stepped up, and with courage and conviction has confronted the problem head-on and the corporate culture that caused it."
But McCaskill also put Barra on the spot, telling the CEO that she should have fired GM's corporate counsel, Michael Millikin, based on the conclusions of an internal report by outside attorney Anton Valukas. Millikin sat next to Barra as she defended him as a man of "tremendously high integrity."
The Valukas report found that GM's legal staff acted too slowly to share details of settlements it was making in cases involving Chevrolet Cobalts and Saturn Ions where the front air bag hadn't deployed in a crash, possibly because of a defect in the ignition switch. The lawyers didn't alert engineers or top executives to a potential safety issue.
McCaskill also questioned why Millikin didn't inform GM's board or the Securities and Exchange Commission of the potential for punitive damages as GM settled the cases, saying, "This is a either gross negligence or gross incompetence on the part of a lawyer," she said.
Barra said Millikin had a system in place but it failed. Some lawyers were among the 15 people the company let go based on Valukas' report.
Millikin said he only learned about the ignition-switch problems in February and acted quickly once he did. He said any potential settlement, no matter how small, must now be brought to him before any action is taken.
But Sen. Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.) also called for Millikin to be fired, saying that an ongoing Justice Department investigation is likely to find evidence of "cover-up, concealment, deceit and even fraud" within GM's legal team.
He also asked Millikin whether the company would make public all of the documents it gave to Valukas, whether it would unseal previous settlements and whether GM would waive the legal shield from its bankruptcy that protects it from lawsuits related to crashes that happened before July 2009.
In all three cases, Millikin said no.
GM has admitted that it knew about the faulty switches for more than a decade before recalling the cars. The ignition switches can fall out of the "run" position, causing the engines to stall. It took years for GM engineers to connect the switch problem to the failure of front air bags to deploy in certain crashes.
GM recalled 2.6 million small cars beginning in February. That recall prompted an unprecedented safety review within the company, which has since issued 54 separate recalls for 29 million vehicles.