Toyota reported a better-than-expected 600 billion yen ($5.1 billion) profit for the three months through December. Quarterly sales rose 9%.
Analysts surveyed by FactSet had forecast a quarterly profit of 540 billion yen ($4.6 billion).
The Japanese automaker, which makes the Camry sedan, Prius hybrid and Lexus luxury model, expects profit for the fiscal year through March to rise nearly 17% from the previous year.
Toyota has held the top spot in global vehicle sales for three years straight, selling 10.23 million vehicles last year, beating Volkswagen of Germany and U.S. rival General Motors Co.
Toyota's bottom line has gotten a lift from the cheap yen, although Managing Officer Taku Sasaki also credited cost cuts.
The latest results show Toyota in robust financial health as it embarks on renewed growth, after putting such ambitions on hold during serious setbacks suffered over a massive
In Minneapolis on Tuesday, a U.S. federal jury decided the design of the 1996 Toyota Camry had a dangerous defect that was partly to blame for a fatal 2006 crash, and ordered Toyota to pay nearly $11 million to victims.
But Toyota's global brand has largely recovered from the recall crisis and U.S. sales have been doing well. Cash-rich Toyota is also likely able to afford the lawsuits.
Challenges are great, with Volkswagen and others right on Toyota's heels in huge overseas markets such as China.
Toyota is also trying to lead a move toward what it calls a "hydrogen society," centered on fuel cell vehicles, which run on the power produced when hydrogen combines with oxygen in the air to produce water.