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Paul Volcker
Paul Volcker

Paul A. Volcker served two terms as Federal Reserve chairman under Presidents Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan. While some of Volcker's policies during that time, including rapid increases in interest rates, were considered unpopular, he is credited with helping tame the United States' inflation problems of the 1970s.

Following his leadership role in the Fed, Volcker had been tapped in 2004 to research possible corruption in the United Nations Oil for Food Program. Volcker's latest appointment comes as chairman of the President's Economic Recovery Advisory Board under President-elect Barack Obama.

Born in 1927 in Cape May, N.J., Volcker earned a bachelor's degree from Princeton and a master's from the Harvard University Graduate School of Public Administration. Before leading the Federal Reserve, he served as chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

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