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Letter to readers about the new California section

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John Wayne Cancer Institute
Donald Morton dies at 79; renowned cancer surgeon and researcher
Donald Morton dies at 79; renowned cancer surgeon and researcher

Certain types of cancer, particularly melanoma and breast cancer, metastasize by shedding malignant cells into the body's lymph system, where they travel to nearby lymph nodes and form new colonies. From there, the cells can spread to other organs, ultimately involving large areas of the body. Until about 30 years ago, physicians surgically treating breast tumors in advanced stages would remove many nearby lymph nodes in an effort to forestall such spread. That could involve removing 20 to 40 lymph glands in the axillary lymph system under the armpits, a procedure that in itself could produce many adverse effects, including fluid retention and tissue swelling. Moreover,...

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