The 25 names include new leaders for the four most influential ministries -- defense, the interior, foreign affairs and finance -- and ends a long period during which the posts were held by caretaker officials, which some Afghans say contributed to violence and political instability.
The defense and interior posts, in particular, were watched closely by U.S. military officials, who still have 10,600 troops in Afghanistan as part of a NATO mission focused on training Afghan forces and conducting counter-terrorism operations.
In a statement, the U.S. Embassy in Kabul said it welcomed the nominations.
"The United States looks forward to continued close cooperation with the government of Afghanistan in our shared pursuit of security, peace and prosperity for the people of Afghanistan," the statement said.
For many, the most surprising name on the list was Schahzaman Maiwandi, an Afghan-German who served on the Ghani campaign's media team. Maiwandi, who is in his late 30s and hails from the southern province of Kandahar, is the nominee for minister of urban development.
Although the announcement will likely be a relief to Afghans who waited more than three months for a Cabinet to be named, two posts remain vacant: attorney general and head of the local governance directorate. Some reports suggest that the directorate could be dissolved.