Obama called the Aug. 21 attack a "crime against humanity" that violated international law.
"When dictators commit atrocities, they depend upon the world to look the other way until those horrifying pictures fade from memory," Obama said. "But these things happened. The facts cannot be denied. The question now is what the United States of America and the international community is prepared to do about it."
In his first prime-time address from the White House in more than two years, Obama found himself unexpectedly tasked with a dual challenge: bolstering public support for his decision to launch military strikes against the Assad government while explaining his decision to pursue a diplomatic alternative.
Obama called a new Russian proposal to have Syria turn over its chemical weapons stockpile "encouraging," but cautioned, "It's too early to tell whether this offer will succeed, and any agreement must verify that the Assad regime keeps its commitments."
The almost contradictory messages reflected the unsettled state of affairs in the standoff with Syria over the alleged chemical attack. The White House and U.S. allies worked quickly Tuesday to explore the viability of the proposal made by Russian on Monday.
The Obama administration said it was skeptical that Assad's government would follow through with the plan. Still, in a meeting with senators on Capitol Hill, Obama asked lawmakers to give him time to sort through the options, and
But the president's speech from the East Room was announced before Russia's plan emerged. While diplomats in Paris, Damascus, Moscow and Washington worked through the details – running into early signs of the difficulty of crafting a workable plan – Obama continued his public relations campaign.
The speech, which aides rewrote on the fly Tuesday, was designed as the keynote of a week of meetings, briefings, speeches and phone calls aimed at lawmakers whose support Obama needs in his pursuit of congressional authorization for a punitive strike against Syria.
With polls showing Americans opposed to a strike by roughly a 2-1 margin, the White House sought to convince lawmakers to buck public opinion and back Obama on a vote some say could determine the future of his presidency and U.S. credibility abroad.
In his speech Tuesday, Obama stressed a strike would be limited – unlike the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan – but he answered some skeptical lawmakers who have wondered if a "pinprick" strike would be worth it.
“Let me make something clear: The
But on Capitol Hill, resistance to military intervention seemed to firm up with the sudden appearance of the Russian alternative.
Senate Majority Leader
Meanwhile, key senators began to draft language that would incorporate the Russian plan, perhaps authorizing force only if Syria refused to allow an outside entity, most likely the
“It’s because of the threat of a strike by the president, because of the possibility that
The president told Democrats he needed a number of days to pursue the diplomatic channels. But he “was not overly optimistic,” said Sen.
"What he's basically asked is for some time to work this out," Durbin said, a time frame that would delay any action until next week. "I think that's reasonable. We want this to end well; we want the end of chemical weapons in Syria. And if we can achieve that through the president's threatened use of military force, that's a good thing for safety in the world."
Obama, along with his French and British counterparts, agreed Tuesday to explore the proposal with Russia and China, Syria's allies. The latter have used their veto power on the U.N. Security Council to block previous moves to punish Assad's government.
But Obama and his allies almost immediately ran into conflict with Russia, which demanded that the U.S. should forswear any threat to use force as part of a deal. Moscow also insisted that the Security Council should not be asked to implement the program under Chapter VII of the U.N. Charter, which authorizes the use of force, and proposed instead use of a much weaker tool, a "presidential statement."
Russian officials have been deeply resistant to even weak Security Council resolutions concerning the
Skeptical of the plan already, administration officials warned Tuesday that the Russian proposal could disintegrate under such demands before the end of the week.
The plan “has to have consequences if games are played, or if somebody tries to undermine this,” Secretary of State
British Prime Minister
"What's important is to make sure this isn't some delay tactic, that this isn't some ruse," he said.
Kerry said U.S. officials have stressed to the Russians that "this must be done quickly."
Still, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said he was working with Syria to draft a proposal and planned to deliver it soon to U.N. Secretary-General Ban-ki Moon. And the Syrian government said it was serious about the Russian plan precisely because it could prevent a U.S. military strike.
"We agreed with the Russian initiative, proceeding from the understanding that it must cut the ground from under the feet of the U.S. aggression against our country," Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Moallem said during a meeting with the speaker of Russia's lower house of parliament, Sergei Naryshkin.
If Obama ends up rejecting the Russian proposal, he could be forced to resume his effort to win congressional authorization for a strike.
On Capitol Hill, the president’s threat to strike Syria continued to draw new opposition, including Senate Minority Leader
"I believe it's important to try to help the president provide a unified front," Boehner said, even as he made a nod to his own problems rounding up votes. "It's a very difficult issue for Congress."
The split between the two top GOP leaders in Congress comes as McConnell, who is running for reelection next year, aligned himself with the
The two Republicans both raised concerns about the Russian proposal. Boehner said he was skeptical because of the "actors that are involved," but McConnell said it was "worth exploring."