At 24 years old, Bre Hataishi wants a house.
For now, the preschool teacher rents a one-bedroom apartment in San Diego's South Park neighborhood with her boyfriend, but only because their income is far too low for them to buy a home.
When the time comes, they have little interest in the hundreds of condos being built in downtown San Diego — or in condos anywhere else, for that matter.
"We definitely want a house because we want to have dogs," she said. "And kids someday."
Hataishi's hopes aren't far off from her peers'. A pair of studies released this week suggest that the majority of millennials — the oldest of whom are about 35 — want to live in the suburbs, have already started buying outside urban areas, and base their home-buying decisions mainly on affordability.
Millennials make up about 10% of the nation's homeowners. Nearly half of those were in the suburbs in 2016, 33% in urban areas and 20% in rural places, said Zillow's Group Report on Consumer Housing Trends. The report used U.S. census data and a Zillow survey of more than 13,000 home buyers, sellers, owners and renters.
Of millennial buyers who moved in the last year, 64% stayed in the same city and just 7% moved to a different state, the Zillow study said.
The Harvard study by its Joint Center for Housing Studies — which used data from the census and the Department of Housing and Urban Development as well as its own analysis — found most stereotypes associated with millennial home buyers were not true.
It said among the misconceptions were that millennials want to live in urban locations closer to employment, commercial and social centers; prefer the flexibility of renting; and are unwilling to take on the financial risks of ownership in the wake of the housing market collapse.
"The evidence suggests, however, that homeownership decisions by younger households have much more to do with affordability than location and lifestyle preferences," study authors said.
The Harvard study found homeownership rates for millennials were 5% higher in metro areas where median home prices were 20% below the national median. The idea was that if millennials could afford to buy a home, they would, and did so in low-cost markets such as Birmingham, Detroit, Minneapolis and St. Louis.
The Zillow survey found that millennials were more likely to associate homeownership with the American dream than Generation X or baby boomers were.
But nationally, homeownership isn't looking too great for millennials, compared with past generations. In 2015, the homeownership rate for the under 35-year-old population hit an all-time low of 31%, according to the census. That's down from 43% in 2005, the Harvard study said.
Molnar writes for the San Diego Union-Tribune.