Stocks closed broadly higher Tuesday as the market notched its second sizable gain in a row. Retail and industrial stocks made the biggest gains as they were lifted by company earnings, some good news from China's economy and hope that Japan's struggling economy will get another boost.
Indexes were higher all day and almost matched the big gains they made Friday. Strong quarterly results gave some company stocks a boost, and investors worried a bit less about China and Japan.
For a change, stocks traded higher even though the price of oil slumped. Investors were skeptical that OPEC nations would sign off on a deal to freeze production levels, so U.S. crude sank after a big rally on Friday.
The Dow Jones industrial average rose 222.57 points, or 1.4%, to 16,196.41. The Standard & Poor's 500 index climbed 30.80 points, or 1.7%, to 1,895.58. The Nasdaq composite jumped 98.44 points, or 2.3%, to 4,435.96.
The S&P 500 climbed 2% on Friday. It had been two months since the S&P 500 rose at least 1% for two consecutive days. The U.S. market was closed Monday for the Presidents Day holiday.
ADT surged after the home-security company accepted an offer from investment company Apollo Global Management worth $42 per share, or $6.94 billion. Its stock leaped $12.77, or 47.5%, to $39.64. Apollo Global rose 72 cents, or 5.4%, to $14.12.
Amazon rose $14.02, or 2.8%, to $521.10. Home Depot rose $3.11, or 2.7%, to $119.43, and competitor Lowe's gained $2.56, or 3.9%, to $67.43.
Hormel, the maker of Spam and Dinty Moore stew, among other foods, had its best day in almost seven years after it posted a stronger-than-expected quarterly profit and raised its forecast for the year. Its stock rose $2.94, or 7.1%, to $44.44. It's up 60% over the past year.
Restaurant Brands, the parent company of Burger King and Tim Hortons, climbed $1.81, or 5.7%, to $33.82 after the company said an important sales measurement rose at both its chains in the fourth quarter.
Hospital stocks tumbled after Community Health Systems said admissions decreased in the fourth quarter. The company took a loss as it absorbed impairment charges and set aside more money to cover unpaid bills. The stock plunged $4.12, or 22.1%, to $14.56.
It's been a bad couple of weeks for company earnings. Three-fourths of the companies listed on the S&P 500 have reported their quarterly results, and earnings are expected to fall almost 5% compared with a year ago, according to S&P Capital IQ. That's mostly because of plunging oil prices, which are pummeling energy companies' profits.
Analyst Lindsey Bell of S&P Global Markets Intelligence said we're in the middle of a cycle that will see S&P 500 profits fall for four quarters in a row, but the market is focused on other issues, including concerns about the health of China's economy and central bank policy.
"You don't hear a lot of people talking about how we're going to have a nearly 5% decline in earnings," she said.
Bell said earnings will start growing again later this year because companies have lowered the bar. Still, analysts are swiftly reducing their estimates for 2016. Bell said analysts now expect earnings growth of 2.9%, down from 7.4% at the start of 2016.
Daily deals site Groupon notched a large gain for the second day in a row. The stock rose $1.19, or 41.2%, to $4.08 after Chinese e-commerce site Alibaba disclosed it had taken a 5.6% stake in the company. Groupon stock jumped 29% Friday after it reported its fourth-quarter results, but the stock is still in a big slump over the last year.
Tuesday started with gains for Asian stocks. China's central bank guided the yuan higher, pushing the currency close to its highest level of the year. That's a positive sign for the Chinese economy. Along with many other factors, weakness in the yuan this year has caused investors to worry about the health of the Chinese economy. China's official news agency also said new yuan loans climbed in January.
In Japan, a report showed the economy was weaker than expected, but that still gave stocks a boost because investors hope it will persuade the Bank of Japan to take further steps to stimulate the economy. Japan's Nikkei added 0.2% after soaring 7.2% the day before, its biggest daily gain since September.
Hong Kong's Hang Seng advanced 1.1%.
Stocks in Europe mostly fell. Germany's DAX lost 0.8%, and France's CAC 40 slipped 0.1%. However, Britain's FTSE 100 rose 0.7%.
Russia and Saudi Arabia said Tuesday they had reached a deal to freeze their oil output, but the deal won't take effect unless other OPEC nations also agree to it. Analysts say Iran probably won't sign on because it wants to increase production after its period of sanctions.
U.S. crude fell 40 cents, or 1.4%, to $29.04 a barrel in New York. It had jumped 12% on Friday, its biggest gain in years.
Brent crude, a benchmark for international oils, sank $1.21, or 3.6%, to $32.18 a barrel in London.
Wholesale gasoline fell 7.2 cents, or 6.9%, to 97.1 cents a gallon. Heating oil fell 4.2 cents, or 4%, to $1.027 a gallon. Natural gas slid 6.3 cents, or 3.2%, to $1.903 per 1,000 cubic feet.
The prices of gold and silver have climbed this year as investors looked for safety in a turbulent market. With the stock market bouncing back Tuesday, the price of gold sank $31.20, or 2.5%, to $1,208.20 an ounce, and silver fell 45.6 cents, or 2.9%, to $15.334 an ounce. Copper rose 2.2 cents to $2.051 a pound.