Over the last three years, Einaras Gravrock has turned his concerns as a parent into a fast-growing cybersecurity start-up.
Gravrock had grown anxious about his children’s privacy when he heard about baby monitors being hacked. By the time they started playing with iPads, he wanted protection.
What he ended up with is Cujo, a bowl-size firewall device that hard-wires into a home router, providing for digital security what a guard dog brings to physical defense.
Gravrock believed enough in the idea that he divested from and stepped down as chief executive of Iconery, an online shop for jewelry that he co-founded. Iconery continues to operate.
For Cujo, he’s leaned on the expertise of Yuri Frayman, a friend who runs cybersecurity software maker Zenedge. Frayman had seen the need for Cujo firsthand. A couple of years before, his business clients began demanding that his home have as much cybersecurity as his corporate office.
Gravrock raised $330,000 off a Kickstarter crowdfunding page, opened headquarters in El Segundo and agreed to a manufacturing deal with a factory in Illinois.
Now, Cujo is nearing 100,000 users and 100 employees. The device is stocked at Best Buy and on Amazon.com for $250.
Cujo picked up $11 million from 27 investors in a recent financing round, including earlier loans converted into stock. Investors include TA Ventures in Ukraine, USC adjunct business professor Ivan Nikkhoo and, of course, Frayman.
Cujo board of directors
- Einaras Gravrock, CEO
- Yuri Frayman, founder of business cybersecurity firm Zenedge
- Yehuda Neuberger, former executive at American Stock Transfer & Trust Co.
- Steven Hurwitz, president at GFI Development Co.
Does Cujo work?
Gravrock knows what he’s selling won’t stop every computer virus or hacker. But he sees $250 as a necessary expense to deter the inconveniences that come with being hacked. The average user sees about five to seven suspicious connections blocked each week, he said.
“For someone installing ADT or a Ring, it’s the next frontier,” he said, referring to home security options. “Cujo is not that silver bullet, but being vigilant and educated about the problem, you have to apply best practices.”
Others in the industry back up that view.
“It's a good step in the right direction for home consumers,” said Adriel Desautels, chief executive of Netragard, which tests security at companies in gaming, health and finance. “It's going to eliminate the low-hanging fruit.”
But Desautels cautioned that Cujo alone might only take a consumer to 3 from 1 on a 100-point scale of security. That score could improve if Cujo succeeds on plans to add increased functionality.
Business customers that purchased Cujo for employees have brought in auditors to test Cujo's effectiveness, but Gravrock said there are no plans to publish results. Desautels said he would like to see audits of Cujo’s effectiveness in protecting the confidentiality, integrity and availability of information passing online through a home.
How Cujo works
Cujo works by analyzing router traffic data. It can see what computer your own device is connecting to on the Internet, how much information is being transferred and the speed at which it’s being sent.
In relative terms, Cujo sees cars on a road, but not the interiors of them. Unlike some rivals, the company doesn’t use deep packet inspection software to analyze the innards, a tactic often used in corporate firewalls and censorship software.
In a few days of testing Cujo, the firewall mostly denied connections to tracking services apparently related to online ad technology. They probably belonged on an industry list of flagged websites. The device is meant to learn a user’s behavior over time, so that, for instance, a connection between a webcam and a computer in Russia is thwarted, except in homes where devices often visit Russian websites.
Cujo’s system is “looking for telltale signs,” Gravrock said. “It collects a couple of hundred data points and builds out a decision on the fly.”
Traffic data are sent to Cujo’s servers, where they are scrambled and stored with password protection. It hires consultants to test the security of its own system. Cujo stores data as long as a week, depending on whether the information proves useful in improving the software that detects suspicious connections.
A Cujo mobile app issues alerts about blocked traffic and serves as a hub for parental controls. In testing, Cujo didn’t noticeably slow website load times, but it needed to be disabled several times when websites didn’t load for an unidentified reason. The set-up process also produced unspecified errors, though logging out and logging back in did the trick.
Most of the complaints that stem from Cujo come from complex home network set-ups or specific devices that lead to communications issues with the firewall. That might make it a bad fit for some users.
Cujo offers customer service through video chat on its app 16 hours a day, though the hours aren’t prominently displayed — an issue the company said it would address.
The company further tries to ameliorate any concerns by modeling itself on video doorbell maker Ring, which includes its CEO’s emails on packaging. With Cujo, new users get an email with Gravrock’s cellphone number and email address.
Cujo has rivals on three fronts: Router makers, antivirus software developers and other hardware start-ups.
Experts say there’s little reason Linksys, Netgear or other router brands can’t match Cujo’s features — and many are moving in that direction after years of burying settings and data to which Cujo’s app provides simple access.
Gravrock said Cujo decided not to compete with such router makers because it would have to wade into the fierce technical competition to make Wi-Fi speeds faster, which could distract from its security focus.
Antivirus protection providers are having to adapt because installing software on devices is no longer practical as a variety of new appliances go online, including toasters and light bulbs. Norton’s $250 Core router doubles as a home network firewall with a $10-a-month subscription.
New companies such as Bitdefender, Keezel, RATrap and Dojo offer devices comparable to the Cujo at lower prices.
About 70% of Cujo customers pay $250 for the device upfront. The remainder opt to pay about $100 upfront, but then $9 a month indefinitely for service.
The company has received marketing help by partnering with organizations, such as one promoting children’s safety, to distribute devices to members. Cujo declined to identify customers or partners by name.
Gravock has been leading companies since finishing at USC in 2009. Before the jewelry website, he co-founded Modnique, a once-fast-growing online retailer of clothing in Redondo Beach. Another division of the company struggled financially, leading to a bankruptcy fire sale in 2015.
Activision Blizzard’s ‘Candy Crush’ division looks to make more money from fewer players
Fewer people are playing mobile games from King, whose portfolio includes “Candy Crush” and “Pet Rescue.”
That’s an issue for Activision Blizzard, which counts on player purchases from its King division for about a third of its overall revenue. The Santa Monica company paid $5.8 billion to acquire King last year. It’s begun experimenting with selling ad space in King games, but for the most part relies on player purchases of virtual goodies in games to make money.
Activision Blizzard Chief Executive Bobby Kotick said King generated more spending on average from players for the eighth straight quarter. But King is looking to do better and has shifted resources toward the team charged with adding special features and tinkering with gameplay to keep players coming back.
“What you’ve seen is we’ve spent more time at King on what’s valuable to our top players,” Kotick said. “They now have a much more dedicated team in live operations. Part of it is a recognition — it’s a philosophy — of if you put a player first, the earnings will follow.”
The latter is to be seen. King’s profit fell 7% to $164 million in the second quarter compared with the same period last year, Activision Blizzard announced last week. The company says the average King player spends 35 minutes per day in games, more than the average Snapchat user spends on that messaging app.
Still, King’s monthly users have dropped 23% over the last year to 314 million. That compares to 39% growth to 46 million players in the last year at Activision’s Blizzard division, largely because of the success of new game “Overwatch.” Players of “Call of Duty” and other Activision Publishing games declined 4% over the last year to 47 million, a number that could pick up with a new game release next month.
Riccardo Zacconi, chief of the King division, also said his team is working on several new games that could boost usage. Among the options is expanding to a casino game and focusing less on casual games.
Activision Blizzard combines financial results for other divisions, which are focused on producing films, TV series and consumer products. Sales for those divisions increased to $56 million in the second quarter compared with last year’s comparable period.
The “other” category could become a larger investor focus as the company announces release dates for movies or begins to sell merchandise related to its new competitive league for “Overwatch.”
Activision Blizzard shares have sunk about 2% since the earnings release, closing Monday at $62.51.
Elsewhere on the Web
- Dietary supplement start-up Ritual Health raised $10.5 million as part of an investment round led by Founders Fund, according to TechCrunch.
- Two Bits Circus is opening a small amusement park in the Arts District, according to L.A. Downtown News.
- Chinese co-working real estate provider URWork plans to open a location in Los Angeles, according to South China Morning Post.
- March Capital Partners is seeking to raise up to $150 million in investment for its second venture capital fund after raising $240 million a couple of years ago, according to federal filings.
- South Bay city governments are hoping to create a plan to boost high-speed Internet access with an eye toward attracting and retaining businesses, according to the Daily Breeze.
- Barnes & Noble acquired study websites operator Student Brands for about $59 million, according to the Los Angeles Business Journal.
In case you missed it
- A widely celebrated cybersecurity researcher who works for Los Angeles start-up Kryptos Logic was indicted on charges of developing software that has stolen banking credentials from an untold number of people, prosecutors said.
- Last week, 150 students from 50 countries competed in the Microsoft Office Specialist World Championship at the Disneyland Hotel in Anaheim. At stake: cash, prizes and the clout that comes with being the best in the world at Excel, PowerPoint or Word.
- Two former Palantir Technologies engineers are in charge of Palmer Luckey’s new defense technology start-up Anduril Industries in Irvine, according to newly reviewed regulatory filings.
- Joining the Standard & Poor’s 500 — an index of the nation’s biggest and most popular stocks — has long been an important mark of validation for businesses. But it won’t be a distinction Snap Inc. gets anytime soon.