For the quarter ended June 30, the New York broadcasting giant earned $472 million, or 76 cents a share, compared to $427 million, or 65 cents a share, for the year earlier period.
The earnings beat analysts' estimates of 72 cents a share.
CBS generated $3.7 billion in revenue, up from $3.3 billion in the second quarter of 2012.
"Double-digit revenue growth -- and the best quarterly profits we've ever had -- add up to a phenomenal quarter for CBS," Chief Executive
Content licensing deals, including digital streaming and international syndication, helped propel the results. CBS raked in $997 million in content and distribution fees, an increase of 22% over the previous year period.
CBS is currently locked in tough negotiations with
The two sides have been engaged in close talks for the last several days. The standoff resulted in some CBS stations falling off TWC systems earlier this week, after which a new Friday deadline was set. On Wednesday, Moonves stayed steadfast.
"Receiving fair value for our content is core to who we are and we will remain resolute in this principle," the executive told investors and analysts.
Entertainment revenue, which includes the CBS broadcast network, topped $2 billion, an increase of 18% from the $1.71 billion for the previous year period. CBS said the increase was driven by higher revenues from content licensing deals and growth in network affiliation fees.
"Success was led by our content businesses, which continue to prove that this is a Golden Age for those who have the best programming," Moonves told analysts on Wednesday's earnings call.
The No. 1-ranked CBS
Revenue at the company's cable television unit, which includes the premium pay channel
The company's Simon & Schuster publishing house generated $189 million, roughly flat with the second quarter of 2012. However, the sales of digital books leaped 39%, and now make up more than a quarter of the publishing revenue.
Local TV and radio station revenue declined 1% to $698 million from $704 million, but during the second quarter of 2012 CBS stations were starting to rake in political ad dollars.