The 39-year-old rap performer was arrested Thursday night at the couple's Wellington home in South Florida. Police said his wife called 911, saying he had kicked and hit her during an argument over buying a bedroom set. She later told deputies he had only pushed her.
He was freed Friday after appearing in court.
It wasn't immediately known if he had an attorney. His agent, Tommy Quon, said he hadn't heard about the arrest and couldn't comment.
Vanilla Ice spent a night in jail in 2001 after being arrested following a domestic dispute.
He sold 15 million copies of the single "Ice Ice Baby" in 1990.