Bill Varney, an Academy Award-winning sound mixer whose final film credit was a "director's edition" of
"Touch of Evil" that was released on the film's 40th anniversary, has died. He was 77.
Varney died Saturday of
in Fairhope, Ala., the Cinema Audio Society announced. He was the organization's former president.
He won back-to-back
for sound on
(1980) and "Raiders of the
In 1998, Varney was vice president of sound operations for Universal Pictures when he joined a team that re-edited the 1958 film noir classic "Touch of Evil" based on a 58-page memo that director Welles wrote the year before the movie was released.
Welles scholars consider
among his greatest works, but the filmmaker was removed from the picture during post-production and never allowed to cut the film the way he wanted. Welles died in 1985.
Prompted by film historians, Universal found the memo in the late 1990s that Welles had written. It detailed about 50 specific changes that he wanted to make to the film that involved continuity of cuts, music cues and improving the sound mix.
Varney led the sound restoration efforts on "Touch of Evil," relying on "digital processing to bring the 40-year-old soundtracks to a new level of clarity," Walter Murch, who was a sound mixer and editor on the film, wrote in 1998 in
Harold William Varney was born Jan. 22, 1934, in Beverly, Mass.
One of his first film projects, in the 1950s, featured folk singer
in a movie produced at the
, where her father taught physics.
In 1961, Varney moved to
to help produce educational films for Encyclopedia Britannica.
By 1972, he had begun working as a sound mixer in film and television, and over the next quarter-century, contributed to 85 projects.
He received Oscar nominations for "Dune" (1984) and "Back to the Future" (1985) and an Emmy Award nomination for the landmark television series
His other films included "The Last Waltz" (1978),
(1980), "Poltergeist" (1982), "My Favorite Year" (1982) and "Dragonheart" (1996).
He spent 14 years at
Co. and in 1985 joined Universal to supervise its sound operations.
In 2001, Varney retired from the studio and two years later moved with his family to Fairhope.
, he was a pilot who enjoyed boating and building train sets, his family said.
Varney is survived by his wife, Suzanne, and daughter, Lisa.