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Mary Fickett dies at 83; longtime actress on 'All My Children'

Mary Fickett, who for decades played nurse Ruth Martin on

"All My Children"

and in 1973 won the first Emmy Award given to an actress in a daytime

drama

after her character made an impassioned anti-

Vietnam War

speech, has died. She was 83.

Fickett, who also acted in theater, film and prime-time television, died Thursday at her home in Callao, Va.

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spokeswoman Jori Petersen confirmed Fickett's death, but the cause was not given.

"All My Children," created by

first aired Jan. 5, 1970, and soon became known for its socially relevant story lines. Nixon, who was also the show's head writer, was committed to dealing with serious subject matter, including child abuse, domestic violence, drug and

alcohol addiction

, the AIDS epidemic, abortion, homosexuality, racism and eating disorders.

When Ruth Martin's adopted son Phil Brent (played by

Richard Hatch

) was sent to Vietnam, she expressed her misgivings about the war and her concerns for his safety. Fickett's performance resulted in an Emmy in 1973, the first year the award was given to individual actors in daytime dramas.

Fickett was one of the ABC soap

opera

's original cast members, along with

Ruth Warrick

as Phoebe Tyler and Ray MacDonnell as Dr. Joe Martin, who became Fickett's on-screen husband. Fickett appeared on the show from 1970 to 1995 and again from 1998 to 2000 (actress

Lee Meriwether

took over the role of Ruth Martin in her absence).

Although the serial's plot lines followed the ups and downs of its ever-evolving cast in fictional Pine Valley, Pa., some characters remained

"There has to be some core around which other people disintegrate and come together again," Fickett said in a 1995 Times story. "If the place were in chaos all the time, you wouldn't have some place to bounce off of. They've had problems — Ruth was raped, and she had an affair — but viewers want to believe that there is a core."

which ABC announced is going off the air Sept. 23, has dedicated its Sept. 21 episode to Fickett.

Born May 23, 1928, in Bronxville, N.Y., Fickett had an early introduction to show business. Her father, Homer, was a radio producer and director.

After attending Wheaton College and studying acting at the Neighborhood Playhouse, Fickett made her Broadway debut in 1949 in "I Know My Love." In subsequent Broadway shows in the 1950s, she replaced

Deborah Kerr

in "Tea and Sympathy" and received a Tony nomination for her role as

Eleanor Roosevelt

in "Sunrise at Campobello."

Fickett's first film role came in 1957, when she starred opposite

Bing Crosby

in the divorce drama "Man on Fire."

She found steady work in television in the 1950s and '60s, including the anthology programs "Kraft Theatre,"

"Armstrong Circle Theatre"

and "The

United States Steel

Hour," as well as "The Edge of Night," "The Nurses" and other prime-time series. When "The Nurses" was turned into a daytime drama in 1965, she continued her role.

Fickett also co-hosted with

the early '60s

CBS

morning program "Calendar."

Her marriages to actor James Congdon and businessman Jay Leonard Scheer ended in divorce. Her third husband, soap-opera director Allen Fristoe, died in 2008.

Survivors include daughter Bronwyn "Anne" Congdon and son Kenyon Congdon, eight grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.

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