Strick died of congestive heart failure Tuesday in a hospital in Paris, said his son, photographer David Strick.
FOR THE RECORD:
Joseph Strick: The obituary of filmmaker Joseph Strick in Friday's LATExtra section said he was survived by five grandchildren. There are six grandchildren. —
An Army Air Forces aerial photographer during World War II, Strick launched his filmmaking career after the war when he used an Army surplus movie camera to shoot "Muscle Beach," a 1948 documentary short about Southern California bodybuilders.
After working on a number of other films, Strick recalled in an interview earlier this year with the Glasgow Herald Scotland, "I decided to leave the business to make some money so that I could make my own movies."
Beginning in 1956, he was the key figure in a number of new science and technology companies, including Electrosolids Corp. and Physical Sciences Corp., which he would sell at a profit after getting them on their feet.
But even while becoming a successful business entrepreneur in the late `50s, he retained his filmmaking ambitions.
Teamed with Ben Maddow and Sidney Meyers, Strick and his colleagues spent four years making "The Savage Eye," a low-budget, 1960 film that incorporated documentary footage shot in gritty Los Angeles locations into the story of a young divorced woman attempting to start a new life.
The film won the British Academy of Film and Television Arts' Robert J. Flaherty Award for best documentary.
"Joe was interested in looking at the underside of things" on the film, recalled Oscar-winning cinematographer Haskell Wexler, who was a cinematographer on "The Savage Eye" and on Strick's 1971 documentary "Interviews with My Lai Veterans," which featured American soldiers who were present at the My Lai massacre in Vietnam.
In looking at Strick's films, Wexler said, "you see that he is a maverick and was never a conventional filmmaker. You have to make your own judgment about the films that he's made. I found them all very interesting and inventive content-wise, if not in style."
Strick already had produced and directed a 1963 screen adaptation of Jean Genet's play "The Balcony" when he tackled "Ulysses," Irish writer Joyce's controversial and much-banned epic novel that is known for its stream-of-consciousness style and explicit language.
Strick directed and produced the modestly budgeted 1967 film on location in Dublin, and he and Fred Haines shared an Oscar nomination for their screenplay.
"'Ulysses' is a remarkable achievement, a further chapter in the maturity of film," Charles Champlin, The Times' movie critic, wrote in his review.
He noted, however, that "Joyce's novel was harassed with censorship problems for years and Strick's film has begun in the same travails."
Indeed, the organizers of the Cannes film festival cut some of the movie's French subtitles.
"He hadn't been told this was going to happen," David Strick said. "He stood up and yelled out that this film had been censored. He went upstairs to the projection booth and turned off the switches. He was then pushed down a flight of stairs by festival goons, basically. My father and his associates withdrew the film immediately from the festival."
In his interview earlier this year, Strick said that he "knew what kind of material I was choosing, but I was still surprised by the intensity of the reactions to the film….In Ireland, the book had never been banned, but the film wasn't passed there until 2000!"
Among Strick's other credits are a 1970 adaptation of the Henry Miller novel "Tropic of Cancer" (director, producer and co-writer), a 1977 adaptation of Joyce's "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man" (producer, director), and he was a producer of the 1983 movie "Never Cry Wolf."
In the 1970s, Strick spent a number of years developing a motion-simulator-based theatrical experience in conjunction with a theatrical distribution company. It never went beyond the prototype stage, but he later worked as a technical consultant on the "Star Tours" attraction at Disney theme parks.
Strick was born July 6, 1923, in Braddock, Pa., and later moved to Philadelphia. He attended UCLA before joining the Army during the war.
In the early 1960s, Strick commissioned legendary Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer to design a house for him and his first wife, Anne, on the edge of Santa Monica Canyon. But he and his wife separated before the house was completed, and he never lived in what is the only Niemeyer house in North America.
Strick primarily lived in Paris since the early 1970s.
In addition to his son David, he is survived by his wife, Martine; his other children, Jeremy (the former director of the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles who is now director of the Nasher Sculpture Center in Dallas), Betsy, Terence and Helene Strick-Marchand; his brother, Jack; his sister, Maida Gordon; and five grandchildren.
Services are pending.