His death was announced by a spokesperson for Phoenix Books Inc., a company that Viner founded in 2005.
FOR THE RECORD:
Michael Viner obituary: In Thursday's Section A, the obituary of music producer and book publisher Michael Viner said: "One of his first hits as a producer was Sammy Davis Jr.'s Grammy-winning 'Candy Man.' " In fact, Mike Curb and Don Costa produced "The Candy Man," as the song is actually titled, which was Grammy-nominated but did not win. —
Viner, a former music and television producer, launched himself into a fledgling audio publishing industry in 1985 when he and his then-wife, actress Deborah Raffin, opened Dove Books-on-Tape in the garage of their Coldwater Canyon home.
The company found success with a mix of high- and low-brow titles, from Sidney Sheldon's bestseller "The Naked Face" to physicist Stephen W. Hawking's opus on the cosmos, "A Brief History of Time," which was Dove's first big hit.
"He was a hard-driving, dedicated proponent of the audio book industry" who contributed to its early growth, said Janet Benson, president of the Audio Publishers Assn.
But he also was the bull in the china shop of the genteel world of audio publishing, whose aggressive promotion, litigious nature and penchant for turning notorious figures into instant authors made him "difficult to embrace fully," Benson said.
After Viner (pronounced Veen-er) and Raffin expanded into hardcover publishing, their most sensational releases included "You'll Never Make Love in This Town Again" (1996), which claimed to present the true sexual adventures of four women seeking fame and fortune in Hollywood, and Resnick's "Nicole Brown Simpson: The Diary of a Life Interrupted" (1994), which opened another sideshow in the so-called trial of the century. Dove also published the diary of a juror on the trial, which brought Viner a summons to a meeting with L.A. County Superior Court Judge Lance Ito, who was concerned that other juror names would be revealed.
Viner's publishing career began after a backgammon game with Sheldon, who lost $8,000 in a high-stakes game with his longtime friend. Rather than take Sheldon's money, Viner asked if Sheldon would let him produce two of the author's bestsellers as audiotapes. Sheldon agreed and became a partner in Dove.
The company grew quickly, becoming a multimillion-dollar enterprise that rivaled the books-on-tape operations of major publishers such as Random House and Bantam Books.
Although it gained the most notice for releases that seemed to spring from the pages of the tabloid press (such as "The Private Diary of Lyle Menendez," drawn from a series of covertly taped conversations with one of the infamous Menendez brothers, convicted in 1996 of slaying their wealthy parents), most of Dove's releases were more mundane: Paul Scofield reading Charles Dickens, or Elliott Gould reading Raymond Chandler.
Viner said reading classic literature helped him deal with a lonely childhood.
Born Feb. 27, 1944, in Washington, D.C., he lost his businessman-father to a heart attack when he was 11.
After his father's death, he was sent to a series of military and private schools, including Chadwick School on the Palos Verdes Peninsula.
"Books saved me. I discovered Dickens, Turgenev. . . . I read Twain, Thurber, Dorothy Parker," he told The Times in 1995.
When he was at Chadwick, Viner began working summers in the mail room at 20th Century Fox.
He majored in English at Harvard University before studying at Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service. But instead of seeking a career in the diplomatic corps, he wound up working as a personal aide to then-Sen. Robert F. Kennedy during the latter's fateful 1968 presidential bid.
After Kennedy's death, Viner went to Hollywood and worked in a series of studio jobs, first at 20th Century Fox and later at Universal and MGM, where he ran a record division called Pride. One of his first hits as a producer was Sammy Davis Jr.'s Grammy-winning "Candy Man." Later in the 1970s, he began working in TV, producing such shows as "Circus of the Stars" and "Touched by Love."