He is now, as well, the possessor of a tallit, the prayer shawl given to boys to mark their bar mitzvahs. Lustig was presented with his this month at Universal Studios, as a prelude to the rest of the ceremony, which is set for May 2 at a place he knows all too well: Barrack 24 at Auschwitz, one of the two camps Lustig survived. His delayed rite of manhood -- he was just shy of his 13th birthday and weighed 66 pounds when he was liberated from Bergen-Belsen -- is part of an event organized by the March of the Living, which brings Holocaust survivors together with teenagers. It will, like the name of the television epic he produced, close the circle of his life's journey from war to remembrance.
I am 78, and I think I will be a little bit ecstatic because there will be about 10,000 young people around me.
I am not a very religious man. When I was a little boy [in what was then the Kingdom of Yugoslavia], before I went to concentration camp, both my grandfathers were very religious and I went with them [on] all the big holidays. I went on Friday to the synagogue. My grandmother was kosher. So when I am thinking about my bar mitzvah, I am not thinking that I am going back to religion [as much as] I am heading back to tradition.
I think, like Tevye in "Fiddler on the Roof" -- my friend Chaim Topol [played] Tevye [when] I was working on "Fiddler'' in 1970 in Zagreb -- without tradition it is impossible to continue. And that's what's pushing me forward. Like the Holocaust, like Masada, like crossing the Red Sea, like all these big events in Jewish history, they are all part of the tradition.
That at 78 I will finally be a man -- I am very excited, and I will tell this to the 10,000 young people standing around me.
When you turned 13, in 1945, Bergen-Belsen had just been liberated, and a bar mitzvah would have been the last thing on your mind.
Exactly. I was very sick. I had typhoid, and then in one moment, I heard music. I hadn't heard music for a long time. I was delirious, thinking, "I'm in heaven finally, and these are angels playing," because never before [had] I heard Scottish music, bagpipes, and the British troops entered Bergen-Belsen with bagpipes.
Your bar mitzvah ceremony will be held alongside Barrack 24 at Auschwitz, where you were also imprisoned.
Barrack 24 was by the entrance. I was working a couple of months at the entrance, opening the door. There was an orchestra, the camp orchestra, playing every time there were people marching in and out of the camp. This will be a very significant place for me.
Will it be your first time back there?
During "War and Remembrance,'' we were there, and we shot in Auschwitz and Birkenau. "Schindler's List,'' no. We invented a camp we made in front of Birkenau. Steven [Spielberg] promised that they will not disturb the [spirit of the] people who died inside.
What was it like to work on that film, so evocative of what you endured?
The only hard piece was when we shot [the scenes of Nazis] putting the little boys and little girls in the trucks in "Schindler's List." I will never forget this opening scene. I start to cry, and Steven came to me, and he stopped the filming and took me outside, put me next to his mother and told her she should watch me.
You've devoted your life to film and to telling some of these stories on film; now it's your story being told.
I never forgot. When I got my first Academy Award, I told the audience: "I promised myself when I was liberated that I will tell the story of these people who died there. When they were hanging in front of us, the people said, 'Don't forget us, please. Tell this story to the world.''' And I am telling the story when I can.
[Watch Lustig's Academy Award acceptance speech for "Schindler's List."]
In Zagreb, the fifth [Jewish] film festival [I've organized] is dedicated to the women in the Holocaust. We are starting with a movie [by] a filmmaker called [Vanda] Yakubovskaya, shot in Auschwitz in 1947, the first movie shot [there]. Then we have "Out of the Ashes," [about] a woman doctor in Auschwitz, and "Sophie's Choice," [which] I shot with Meryl Streep in Zagreb. We have "Inside Hana's Suitcase," a Japanese movie; it's fantastic. We show it to children, and I explain the Holocaust, how I survived.