Jack T. Chick, whose cartoon tracts preached fundamentalist Christianity while vilifying secular society, evolution, homosexuality and the beliefs of Catholics and Muslims, has died. He was 92.
Chick died peacefully in his sleep on Sunday evening, according to a Facebook posting Monday by Chick Publications, based in Rancho Cucamonga. It did not provide other details, and a call for comment left after hours was not immediately returned.
The posting promised that the company would continue Chick's method, vision and purpose.
Chick's pulpy, lurid cartoons combined traditional evangelism with frankly conspiracy-minded attacks. He and later other illustrators produced several hundred tracts over the decades. Latching onto the issues of the day, the tracts took aim at abortion, occultism, ecumenism and other perceived evils.
They portrayed everything from rock music to Dungeons & Dragons and Harry Potter as literal traps of the Devil.
One tract, "The Walking Dead," tapped into the hit zombie TV show but argued: "We're all like zombies. The spirits inside our souls are dead."
As with underground comics of the 1960s and 1970s, Chick's work opposed "the system." But instead of the military-industrial complex or "The Man," it was a secular society viewed as debased, demon-inspired and virulently anti-Christian.
One anti-evolution booklet, "Big Daddy?" has a college student exclaiming: "Then we didn't evolve! The system has been feeding us The Big Lie! We really do have a soul!"
Chick managed to offend Catholics, Jews, Mormons, Jehovah's Witnesses, Muslims and Freemasons, who found their beliefs discounted, ridiculed or condemned as false — or worse.
"Learn how the papacy helped start Islam, only to have this new daughter rebel against her. You'll understand the Arab's place in Bible prophecy. Muslims have been saved by reading this book," says the blurb for one pamphlet on the Chick Publications order website.
The tracts were criticized for using debunked or one-sided arguments and stereotypical portrayals of blacks, homosexuals, Arabs and others. But they also attracted collectors and fans who cherished them as quirky works of art.
Chick was born in Los Angeles on April 13, 1924. A biography on the company website says he was converted to Christianity by listening to a radio revival program on his honeymoon.
Unable to find a publisher, Chick published his first cartoon revival book in 1961 using $800 he borrowed from a credit union. He founded Chick Publications in 1970.
The tracts were intended to be handed out in bulk and were available cheaply. Chick's company claimed it had sold about 750 million of them, translated into more than 100 languages.