Half of Californians in the country illegally would be eligible for the state's healthcare program for the poor if it were expanded under a proposal by legislators, a new report finds.
Some California politicians are pushing to open up the $91-billion Medi-Cal program to people here illegally, since such immigrants are not allowed to sign up for insurance under Obamacare.
The study found that of the estimated 2.6 million unauthorized immigrants in California, 51% make so little money they would qualify for Medi-Cal. To sign up for Medi-Cal, a single person or a couple must have an annual income of less than $16,243 and $21,984, respectively.
The report also found that nearly half a million people would be eligible for Medi-Cal in Los Angeles County alone. That's not just because the county is home to the state's biggest population of those here illegally, but also because those in L.A. County are more likely to live in poverty, according to institute researchers.
The study is the first to evaluate the size and incomes of California's undocumented immigrant population at a county level. Shannon McConville, study author and research associate at the institute, said that with so many recent as well as proposed changes to California's health policies, she and her colleagues wanted to assess how each county would be affected.
Over the last year, California politicians have taken steps to offer coverage to people who immigrated here illegally.
Last month, Gov. Jerry Brown signed a law that for the first time provides healthcare to children in the country illegally, making California the largest state to do so. In addition, the number of counties that have committed to giving low-cost, government-run medical care to such residents jumped from 11 to 48 this year. Now only 10 counties provide nothing.
State Sen. Ricardo Lara (D-Bell Gardens) is continuing to push for legislation that would allow all unauthorized immigrants to sign up for Medi-Cal and those with higher incomes to buy insurance through the state's Obamacare exchange. A bill he offered this year failed to get enough support, so it was limited to children.
"We cannot wait for the federal government," Lara said at a news conference in Los Angeles late last month. "We have to demonstrate that California leads."
Currently, people in the country illegally make up roughly half of the estimated 3 million Californians who remain uninsured.
Advocates say that providing basic primary care improves public health and can help patients avoid serious and costly illnesses that require treatment in public emergency rooms.
Opponents argue that though preventative care may keep people healthier, it generally increases costs.
An early version of Lara's bill was priced at more than $1 billion.
That's why his current plan would allow those with higher incomes to buy insurance through the state exchange, Covered California, but would not offer government subsidies. Under the Affordable Care Act, people who buy health insurance through the exchanges are typically offered financial assistance to help bring down costs.
Last month, Democratic presidential front-runner Hillary Rodham Clinton also said she supported opening up the Obamacare exchanges to such immigrants without offering financial help.
McConville and her colleagues found that the 48% of Californians who would be able to buy insurance through the exchanges would probably find the health plans too expensive without subsidies and would be unlikely to sign up. However, McConville said opening the exchanges could build a foundation for later legislation to offer such help.
"A lot of the time policy-making is piecemeal," she said.
Though California is moving forward with these policy changes faster than any other state, the topic remains highly controversial in the state.
A recent USC Dornsife/Los Angeles Times poll found that though close to half of state voters believed immigrants here illegally should be eligible to receive free or low-cost health insurance through Medi-Cal or a similar program, a statistically equivalent 47% said they opposed such policies.
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