Google's firing of engineer James Damore over his controversial memo criticizing the company's diversity policies and "politically correct monoculture" did not violate U.S. labor law, a federal agency lawyer concluded.
Statements in Damore's 3,000-word memo "regarding biological differences between the sexes were so harmful, discriminatory, and disruptive" that they fell outside protections for collective action in the workplace, an associate general counsel for the National Labor Relations Board wrote in a six-page memo disclosed Thursday.
Damore withdrew his complaint in January, and his lawyer has said she is focusing instead on the engineer's lawsuit accusing the internet giant of harassing him and others over their conservative political views.
When he was dismissed in August, Damore accused Google of violating an employee's right to engage in "concerted activity" to address workplace issues, a category that the labor board has found can include forms of activism including lawsuits, strikes and social media posts.
"Much of" Damore's memo was probably protected under the law, the labor board's attorney, Jayme Sophir, said in the Jan. 16 memo. But Sophir went on to find that Google discharged Damore only for his "discriminatory statements," which aren't shielded by labor law.
Because companies have a duty to comply with equal employment laws and an interest in promoting diversity, "employers must be permitted to 'nip in the bud' the kinds of employee conduct that could lead to a 'hostile workplace,' rather than waiting until an actionable hostile workplace has been created before taking action," Sophir wrote.
The company "carefully tailored" its messages in firing Damore and in addressing employees afterward "to affirm their right to engage in protected speech while prohibiting discrimination or harassment." Google also disciplined one of Damore's co-workers for sending him a threatening email in response to the memo, Sophir said.
Google — a division of Alphabet Inc. — declined to comment on Sophir's memo. Damore's attorney didn't immediately respond to a request for comment.
The labor board lawyer's conclusion is "consistent with board precedent for decades, which has viewed speech which creates a hostile environment likely to produce both discord and divisiveness as unprotected," said William Gould IV, who chaired the labor board under President Clinton.
"In the course of protesting working conditions you can be profane and aggressive and unpleasant, you can be militant, and it's still protected," Gould said. However, he said, "What separates this is its derisiveness and stereotypical characterization of one gender."