A wildfire in
Several water-dropping helicopters and airplanes were assisting hundreds of firefighters on the ground as the Meadow fire burns near Half Dome peak and Merced Lake, said park ranger Scott Gediman.
There was no estimate of how contained the fire was.
The Meadow fire, believed to have been started by one of hundreds of lightning strikes last month, had been smoldering for 49 days at just under 20 acres.
Park officials had been letting it burn to restore the area's natural fire patterns, and given its high elevation (8,000 feet) and slow pace, there was no threat to public safety, officials said.
But when winds pushed the flames into bone-dry brush near hiking trails on Sunday, the fire exploded and ended up cutting off dozens of mountain climbers and hikers from park exits. Some 40 Half Dome hikers had to be evacuated and others were airlifted out, officials said.
"The fire was getting very close to the trail to Half Dome and we didn't want to take the chance on people having to hike through the fire to get back," said Tim Ludington, a park spokesman.
Trails near the Half Dome area, the Little Yosemite Valley area, Merced Lake and the Sunrise High Sierra Camps, Clouds Rest and Echo Valley are closed, officials said.
East of the park in Mariposa County, fire crews gained the upper hand on the Bridge fire, which has burned about 300 acres and was 70% contained. At least 700 homes remained threatened by the fire but officials have lifted evacuation orders for homeowners, according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.
And in Siskiyou County in Northern California, the Happy Camp Complex fire has grown to 99,200 acres as it pushes west. The wildfire, currently the biggest in California, was 30% contained.