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Japan Defends New Trade ‘Action Plan’ : Nakasone Claims Markets Will Be Most Open of All

Times Staff Writer

Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone said Tuesday that a three-year trade “action program” will make the Japanese market the most open in the world and is designed “to totally exterminate opinions that Japan is unfair.”

In a nationally televised news conference, Nakasone said the plan, approved earlier in the day by his government, “represents a very effective countermeasure against the critical condition which we are placed in at the current moment--namely, protectionist sentiments abroad.”

The program, aimed at countering complaints that Japan prospers by raising unfair barriers to foreign goods, will reduce or eliminate tariffs on 1,860 industrial and agricultural items and includes 87 reforms to ease certification and technical standards for importing to Japan.

Inspections Streamlined

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Complicated automobile inspection procedures are to be streamlined, and Japan has agreed to accept foreign test data on products ranging from electronic equipment to pharmaceuticals.

Unlike previous packages, the one adopted Tuesday gives target dates for implementation of the provisions over a three-year period. Nakasone said a Cabinet-level committee will monitor progress of the program, the final part of the fifth “market-opening package” that he has approved since he took office in November, 1982.

The program was prompted by Japan’s record global trade surplus last year, which included a $36.9-billion surplus with the United States and a $10-billion surplus with the Common Market.

Referring to the dozens of bills introduced in the U.S. Congress to take retaliatory trade action against Japan, Nakasone said: “We must defend the free trade system to the last. . . . We know clearly that, if we let the protectionist bills pass in the U.S. Congress, the global economy will face another recession.”

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His government pulled out all of its public relations stops Tuesday, scheduling an unprecedented five news conferences on the program in addition to Nakasone’s television speech. Nakasone hailed the program as “a great transformation in thinking toward foreign products.”

The prime minister also went on the offensive, stressing for the first time that Japanese industry is “playing a great role in making American industry prosper, in enriching the lives of American consumers and . . . in maintaining employment in American firms.”

Nakasone said American firms obtain about $8.1 billion in parts from Japan and use them “to complete products in the United States.”

“In this context, Japanese firms are used to make American industry prosper--Japan is an American production base,” he said.

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He also cited goods that American firms order manufactured in Japan to their specifications for sale in the United States under their brand names and products that American subsidiaries in Japan sell to the United States--a total of $6 billion in Japanese exports--as contributions to American industry.

Another $5.3 billion in goods, including cameras, videocassette recorders and certain types of audio equipment that are “not produced at all” in the United States and have “no relation with American unemployment” also enrich American consumers’ lives, he said.

The three categories together, he said, account for about 30% of Japan’s exports to the United States.

He said that hidden behind the statistics of a U.S. trade deficit with Japan is “the fact that Japanese industry is contributing to a great extent to American prosperity and to maintaining employment at American firms.”

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The prime minister appealed to foreign critics “to judge calmly with full understanding of what we are doing, not merely by treating issues emotionally.”

“We are trying to transform Japan, which has so far maintained a unique social structure as a closed nation, into an international nation,” he said. “I hope to receive sufficient understanding (of this point).”

He added that Japan is “ready to listen to foreign views at any time, and, if there is something inadequate (in our policies), we will try to further improve the situation.”

Critics are likely to find shortcomings in the action program because, except for promises to buy foreign helicopters and bullet-proof sedans for the 1986 Tokyo summit conference of the seven industrialized democracies, there is nothing in the program that promises to spur imports quickly.

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Nor are there any measures calling for sacrifice by either Japanese industry or agriculture.

Indeed, even a sense of urgency is missing. Many of the 87 reforms in procedures for inspections and certification of products are to be implemented “within three years,” and the first stage of deregulation of Japan’s financial market will not be completed until the spring of 1987.

Toshio Komoto, the Cabinet minister in charge of external economic affairs, said the program will “result in improvements in the trade imbalance” but acknowledged that “efforts on the part of Japan alone are not enough.”

Nakasone, too, again urged the United States to act to reduce the strength of the dollar to make American products more competitive here.

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