Peace talks between the government of Mozambique and guerrillas resume in the Italian capital Monday in hopes of ending one of Africa's bloodiest civil wars.
The last round of talks ended in December with a limited cease-fire along the Beira Corridor, which links the Indian Ocean with Zimbabwe. Now, with reports of more rebel attacks on civilians inside the country, the key issue is a countrywide cease-fire.
The Mozambique National Resistance, or Renamo, was founded at the country's independence in 1975 by right-wing elements opposed to the Marxist government. Having shed its leftist economic policy and political rhetoric, the regime now seeks an end to a war that has left at least 600,000 dead and dislocated 1.4 million more.