Right-wing parties are scattered throughout Western Europe, but few score strongly at the ballot box.
AUSTRIA * Party: Freiheitliche Partei (Freedom Party)
Leader: Joerg Haider, 42
Program: Extremely nationalistic. Wants strict control of immigraiton, especially against Poles. Slogan is “Austria for the Austrians.”
Electoral Strength: 23% in 1991 Vienna municipal eleciotn. Got 16.6% in 1990 national election. 40,000 members.
BELGIUM * Party: Vlaams Blok (Flemish Bloc) Founded: 1978
Leader: Karel Dillen, 66
Program Purely Flemish-speaking in the north. Wants independence for Flanders. Slogan: “Our People First.”
Electoral Strength: 10.4% in Nov. 1991, parliamentary elections.
* Party Front National
Leader: Daniel Feret
Program: Anti-immigraiton. Extreme rightists in French-speaking region.
Electoral Strength: 6.7% in 1989 regional election.
BRITAIN * Party: National Front
Leader: Ian Anderson, 38
Program: Anti-immigration. Anti-European. Racist.
Electoral Strength: 2,500 votes projected for April. 1,000 members.
* Party: British National Party
Leader: Ian Tyndal, 54
Program Anti-immigration. Anti-European. Racist.
Electoral Strength: 12% in 1990 by-election of Tower Hamlet Council.
FRANCE * Party: Front National (National Front)
Leader: Jean-Marie Le Pen, 63
Program: Anti-immigration. Nationalist. Anti-Semitic. Slogan is “French First.”
Electoral Strength: 13.9% in this month’s regional election. 14.4% in 1988 presidential election.
GERMANY * Party: Republikaner Partei (Republican Party)
Leader: Franz Schoenhuber, 69
Program: Same as NPD except for the Americans having to leave Germany.
Electoral Strength: 4.9% in Bavaria. 20,300 members.
* Party: Deutsche Volksunion (DVU) (German People’s Union)
Leader: Gerhard Frey, 59
Program Against European monetary union. Xenophobic. Nationalist.
Electoral Strength: 6.3% in Oct. 1991, in Bremen. 7% in 1989 European election. 28,000 members.
* Party Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands (NPD)
Leader: Guenter Deckert, 51
Program: Against the Common Market. Anti-immigration. Wants Americans out of Germany.
Electoral Strength: 2.1% in 1988 stateparliamentary election in BadenWurttemberg. 7,500 members.
ITALY * Party Lega Nord (Northern League)
Leader: Umberto Rossi, 50
Program: Anti-immigration. Would like Italy to become a federal state like Switzerland.
Electoral Strength: 5.4% in 1990 regional election. 40,000 members.
* Party Movimento Socialie Italiano (MSI)
Leader: Gianfranco Fini, 39
Program: Neo-fascist. For law and order. Anti-corruption and anti-Mafia. Nationalist.
Electoral Strength: 6.8% projected for upcoming election. 60,000 members.
NETHERLANDS * Party Centrumdemocraten (CD) (Center Democrats)
Leader: Hans Janmaat
Program: Against European integration. Fears Dutch national interest is going to be submerged by Europe.
Electoral Strength: 0.9% in parliamentary election.
SWEDEN * Party Ni Demokrati (New Democratic Party)
Leader: Ian Wachmeister, 62
Program: Total market freedom. Anti-immigration.
Electoral Strength: 6.7% in Sept. 1991 parliamentary election.
* Party Sverigedemokraterna (Sweden Democrats)
Leader: Anders Klarstroem, 25
Program: Anti-immigration, especially against Muslims. Racist. Attracts young people.
Electoral Strength: 5,000 votes in 1991 parliamentary election. 4,000 to 5,000 members.
SWITZERLAND * Party Parti Suisse des Automobilisttes (Swiss Motorists’ Party)
Leader: Michael Dreher, 48
Program: Anti-immigraiton. Anti-environmentalist.
Electoral Strength: 5.1% in Oct. 1991, parliamentary election.
* Party Democrates Suisses (Swiss Democrats)
Leader: Rudolf Keller, 36
Program: Isolationist. anti-Europe.
Electoral Strength: Has 4 seats in lower parliamentary house.
* Party Lega Ticinese (Ticino League)
Leader: Flavio Maspoli, 41
Program: Wants independence for Ticini canton.
Electoral Strength:1.4% of national vote.
* Memberships are based on groups’ claims throughout this chart.
Compiled by Times Paris Bureau assistant Sarah White