Journey Back in Time : At the Baldwin Park Rail Station, UCI Art Professor Judy Baca Pays Homage to the Area’s Indian Heritage


Artist Judy Baca did a little dance here the other day, a very old little dance.

In the dry heat of a midday sun, Baca skipped along a concrete footpath that represents ceremonial steps performed by early California inhabitants, the Gabrielino and Chumash Indians.

The winding lane is part of “Danza Indigenas” (Indigenous Dances), the public artwork she designed to spruce up the Baldwin Park Metrolink commuter rail station.

“I wanted to put memory into a piece of the land” that once was home to the Indian cultures, said the Los Angeles muralist, Latino activist and UC Irvine art professor. She hopes to have the project finished within a few days.


Central to Baca’s design is the 20-foot-high re-creation of an archway in one wall of the nearby San Gabriel Mission. Beneath it stretches the mission’s abstracted floor plan, etched into the colored concrete of an open plaza. From it extends the footpath, which links shelters where commuters wait for trains.

Located at the corner of Downing Avenue and Ramona Boulevard in the San Gabriel Valley, the $60,000 project is part of the four-year-old Art for Rail Transit Program instituted by the L.A. County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. To date, 65 artists have been commissioned to adorn stations throughout Southern California.

“We believe it’s important to make the train system not only efficient but attractive and user-friendly,” said Jessica Cusick, rail-art program director. “It’s also really important to . . . provide communities with a sense of ownership in the stations.”

Baca, who was chosen for the job from among roughly 25 other artists, has been involved in mural-making for as many years. Among her murals is the half-mile-long “Great Wall of L.A.,” purported to be the world’s longest. She has overseen creation of about 200 works as a founder of two municipally funded mural programs in L.A.

For the Baldwin Park artwork, she wanted to portray an “authentic” and “truthful” vision of the area’s history.

Etched into the weathered adobe-like central arch is the word Sunigna , the Gabrielino name for the area, and a quote from Latino author Gloria Anzaldua: “This land was Mexican once, was Indian always and is, and will be again.”

Lettering on the plaza floor spells out, in English, the statement “When the Indians died, the villages ended.”

When the Spanish arrived, Baca said, soldiers raped scores of Gabrielino women, including the chief’s wife. The chief’s protests led to his decapitation. “It was in that climate that the Mission San Gabriel was founded,” she said.


A stone mound, like one the Gabrielinos would have designated as a place of prayer, embodies a feminist ideology the artist worked into the project. It is a tribute to Toypurina, a 23-year-old Gabrielino woman who led a revolt against the Spanish missionaries, she said.

“Toypurina was depicted (by the Spanish) as a seductress and sorceress because she organized large groups of native people to fight the Mission San Gabriel and bring it down. For that, she was banished from her native land. I felt it was appropriate to put her back into her own territory.”

“Danza Indigenas” was a collaboration involving Baca and L.A. architects Kate Diamond of Siegel Diamond Architects and Gustavo Leclerc of Adobe L.A. Typical of her mural-making methods, Baca also interviewed Gabrielinos and other residents of Baldwin Park, a quaint, largely Latino town of 70,000.

“In the process, I developed a sense of what was going on with the whole place,” she said, and gathered quotes she emblazoned on the archway. Among the residents’ statements: “If this place was good enough for me to grow up in, then it is good enough for my children” and “The kind of community that people dream of, rich and poor, brown, yellow, red, white, all living together.”


To further “personalize” the train station, Baca imprinted into the concrete beneath each of four shelters (also bearing floor plans of California missions) such phrases as “my mother” and “I am a Gabrielino,” rendered in Gabrielino, Chumash, English and Spanish.

At the shelter farthest from the main plaza are the words “memory and will power,” which “are what any culture--the ones living then and those living now--has to have to preserve itself,” she said.

So far, community response has reportedly been positive. Children dance along the footpath and people driving by give thumbs up, said Chris Wille, job supervisor with Rock and Water Scapes, the project’s Irvine-based contractors.

“They dig it; they think it’s an awful fancy transit station,” Wille said.


* Baldwin Park Metrolink station is located at 3825 Downing Ave., Baldwin Park, at the corner of Downing Avenue and Ramona Boulevard.