Stephanie Coats picked up her coffee and paused, cherishing the moment. All along, she said, she had thought that O.J. Simpson was innocent. But, she conceded, she was worried. "I thought he would be found guilty because of the way the system works."
Then came the blood test evidence. That shook her.
"Then the Fuhrman cover-up started, and everything fell into place for me," said Coats, who is African American and a payroll clerk at a Miami employment agency. "For me, it's more than O.J.'s trial. It's a moral issue. If he had been found guilty, any hope I had that racism could be beaten would have disappeared.
"Now I think there's hope for the system."
Ideally, a number of whites and blacks across the nation agreed, race should not have been an issue at Simpson's trial on murder charges in the slayings of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Lyle Goldman. But it did become an issue, and it refused to disappear Tuesday as people from Seattle to Miami reacted to his acquittal. They were divided mostly along racial lines.
Standing behind Coats, at a coffee shop in an office building near downtown Miami, Sharon Halloran, who is white and works for a defense attorney, broke in: "He's guilty! Guilty! Guilty! Because he did it!"
There were, to be sure, blacks who thought that Simpson was guilty and whites who thought he was not. Steve Black, 32, waiting for a bus in downtown Seattle, said he did not think that justice was served. Black, who is African American and works for a real estate agency, said that money far too often determines who is acquitted.
"That's where I think it fell down," Black declared. "If it had been me or anybody else, or any other black man, if you want to put it that way, other than O.J., without the money and without the fame, he'd be in jail or on death row or dead already."
Conversely, June Morrissey, 53, who is white and a nurse at St. Joseph's Hospital in Savannah, Ga., said she thought all along that Simpson was innocent. She sat near the hospital emergency room talking with a black woman who had brought in her daughter for treatment. When a waiting room TV broadcast the verdict, Morrissey and the stranger clasped hands.
Both were in tears.
"I never thought he was guilty," Morrissey said. "I firmly believe in our justice system that says you are innocent until proven guilty. In this case, they never proved O.J. guilty."
There were those, as well, who were conflicted. Lamar Brown, 26, who is black and a personal trainer at a YMCA in Houston, says he felt momentarily relieved when the verdict was read. "I was happy because he got free. I don't know why I felt happy, except I saw a man, a human being, who was free from all of this. Then I thought, 'Man, he murdered these people. The evidence was there, and he got off.' I don't get it."
Most positive reactions to the Simpson verdict, however, came from blacks, and most negative reactions came from whites. Tyrone Prince Ford, who shines shoes at a Washington, D.C., barber shop, said that anything but an acquittal verdict would have been "100% racism."
Ford, an African American who moved away from Los Angeles because of the 1992 riots, felt that justice was done. "All my black clients know he isn't guilty, and all the whites said guilty. Everyone picks a particular piece of evidence to support their point of view."
In Chicago, law student Mark Scott, 32, who is white, gasped when he heard the verdict. "I can't believe that!
"Money! The evidence was overwhelmingly against him. Money tried this case. It's a sad day for the legal community. Smoke and mirrors carried the day."
At Journal Graphics in Denver, a firm under contract to transcribe every word of the Simpson trial, employees divided into opinionated camps.
"Wow! He pulled it off. Jesus! Unbelievable. Wow!" said David Coldiron, 26, who is white and a manager of the operation. "That's what $10 million will buy, I guess."
Typist Nora Butler, 34 and white, fought tears of joy. "I never thought he was guilty!"
In New York, people on the subway shouted: "The Juice is loose!"
On Rikers Island, between Queens and the Bronx and site of the largest municipal jail in America, hundreds of prisoners gathered around a color TV set in Building C-76.
The verdict was welcomed with huge cheers and high-fives. Guards applauded right along with inmates. People stood on the folding metal chairs and danced.
"The whole of Rikers Island is going crazy, because everybody likes O.J.," said Edwin Diaz, 38, a longtime drug addict incarcerated for possession of heroin. "You know, you can't lock everybody in America up. Somebody's got to beat the charges."
"I ain't saying he didn't do it. I know he did it--or maybe he sent somebody who did it, and then they brought that blood back O.J.'s way. But in this country you're entitled to take your shot [in court]. That's what O.J. did, and he beat it.
"I mean it, this is a real holiday around here."
Virtue reported from Miami and Connor from Seattle. Times staff writers Louis Sahagun in Denver, Barry Bearak and John Goldman in New York, Richard E. Meyer in Los Angeles, D'Jamila Salem in Washington, Lianne Hart in Houston, Edith Stanley in Atlanta, John Beckham in Chicago and special correspondents Mike Clary in Miami and Helaine Olen in New York contributed to this story.