O.J. Simpson has regained his freedom, but at what price?
A man acquitted of murder hears the cell door open, but usually the next thing he hears is the sound of doors closing--doors to opportunity, to approval, to old friends.
For one who once seemed to imbibe his legendary popularity like strong drink, for whom charm was a passport across every sort of border, the sound of such doors closing could easily become a kind of dirge.
Simpson, in essence, faces the possibility of becoming, if not a man without a country, a man without the country he once knew--and something worse, a kind of exile in his own life.
It was a possibility the former football star seemed to envision in an eerily prophetic passage from the letter he left behind when he fled arrest in June, 1994: "No matter what the outcome, people will look and point," wrote the man who once basked in the applause of thousands.
During last week's final arguments, defense attorney F. Lee Bailey mused that, even if Simpson were to be acquitted, he would spend the rest of his life defending himself from those who believe that wealth and luck had allowed him to evade the consequences of his guilt.
"I don't like the signals," Bailey said. "There are people who will be committed to the opinion he beat the rap."
In a culture of celebrity, however, notoriety need not equal poverty.
Publicist Michael Levine, who has worked for suddenly controversial celebrities such as singer Michael Jackson, said Hollywood may be cautious about clutching Simpson immediately to its bosom but won't necessarily shun him forever.
"I am convinced that if Hitler were found alive, his first stop would be 'Nightline,' not Nuremberg," Levine said. "I expect Hollywood and the business community to react to O.J. Simpson in financial terms, whatever is in their best financial interest.
"He's much more famous now, though infamous."
But as Simpson already has discovered, fame may have its price, but infamy has its profits.
From his jail cell, he already has made nearly $3 million from a collection of fan letters and the sale of such authorized memorabilia as autographed trading cards and bronze statues that sell for $3,395 apiece. At the moment, he reportedly is entertaining lucrative tabloid photo packages, pay-per-view television interview proposals, speaking tours and additional book offers.
While some of the national advertising clients that Simpson once represented, including Hertz, have indicated that they will no longer retain him, there remains little doubt other lucrative offers will be forthcoming.
Joseph Cerrell of Cerrell Associates in Los Angeles, whose firm is best known for handling political candidates and causes, agreed that Simpson will once again be a salable commodity in both the African American and white markets.
"Trust me," Cerrell said. "O.J. will get offers ranging from the serious to the bizarre. He will get business offers, athletic offers, endorsement offers. . . . He'll get all those offers, and Johnnie Cochran and he will get to pick and choose."
At the very least, their proceeds should help cover the $6-million legal bills he has run up defending himself against murder charges. But his lawyers' bills are likely to mount still further in the months ahead.
Simpson now faces civil lawsuits over the deaths of his ex-wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and Ronald Goldman. The families of both victims have filed wrongful-death suits, and it is widely expected that Simpson will be forced to testify in his own behalf.
Custody of his two younger children may be challenged. Sydney, 9, and Justin, 7, have been living with their mother's parents in a gated Orange County community since their father's arrest, and the grandparents have indicated that they may fight for their custody.
According to legal experts, Simpson's joy over the acquittal is likely to be tempered in the coming weeks as he confronts a variety of legal challenges.
Separate wrongful-death suits have been filed by Nicole Brown's family, by Goldman's father and sister and by Sharon Rufo, Goldman's mother, from whom he had long been estranged.
Even his attempt to register his initials as a trademark is being challenged legally. Six weeks after his arrest, Simpson's representatives informed the U.S. Patent Office of their client's intention to market products with his name or image ranging from dolls, video games and jigsaw puzzles to jewelry, bathing suits, cutlery and even brooms, place mats and aprons.
"The law says the federal government will not register scandalous trademarks," said Bill Ritchie, a New Hampshire lawyer who is formally challenging Simpson's trademark request.
Legal experts said Tuesday that the acquittal could help Simpson in contesting the civil suits. But they emphasized that he still faces an uphill fight. That is because, experts said, the standard of proof is dramatically lower in a civil suit than it is in a criminal case.
In the criminal case, prosecutors had to prove "beyond a reasonable doubt" that Simpson killed his ex-wife and Ronald Goldman. In a civil case, however, the standard is a "preponderance of the evidence," meaning only that it is more likely than not that Simpson was the killer.
Another difference is that while a criminal case requires a unanimous verdict, a civil case does not.
"I feel very confident that we will get a substantial judgment," attorney Robert Tourtelot, who represents the father and sister of Ronald Goldman, said Tuesday.
Michael Brewer, the lawyer for Goldman's mother, added: "I think Miss Rufo is looking for justice somewhere, since I don't think we saw it here in the criminal process."
There also may be legal skirmishes to come over custody of Sydney and Justin Simpson.
After O.J. Simpson and Nicole Brown Simpson divorced, they shared custody of the children, although Sydney and Justin lived with their mother. Then, after Nicole Simpson was killed, her parents, Lou and Juditha Brown of Dana Point, were granted temporary legal guardianship.
Simpson did not contest that move but included a note, since filed in court papers, that he looked forward to being "able to resume his legal and physical custody . . . upon his release from incarceration."
In the statement read by his older son, Jason, Simpson left little doubt that he intends to pursue custody: "My first obligation is to my young children, who will be raised the way that Nicole and I had always planned."
In comments before the verdict, Brown family members had indicated that if Simpson were acquitted, they would fight any attempt by him to gain custody.
Robert Fellmeth, a law professor at the University of San Diego and director of the Children's Advocacy Institute, said he doubts whether a judge--there are no juries in Family Court--would give Simpson custody over the objections of the Brown family.
The standard for such decisions, he said, is what is in the best interest of the child.
Along with ongoing legal concerns, Simpson also faces the daunting challenge of restoring his once peerless reputation as one of the few celebrities equally acclaimed by whites and African Americans, men and women.
Robert Fisher, whose firm, Fisher & Associates of Woodland Hills, has helped polish the image of several clients with tarnished reputations, thinks the next few days will be crucial for Simpson.
Fisher and other public relations experts suggested that Simpson, at least initially, should stay close to his family before venturing into public to a football game or party or Hollywood gathering, the kind of events at which he and his ex-wife were often seen.
"He should stay out of the public eye and let the country heal and get over its grief," said Gail Stoorza, whose San Diego-based Stoorza, Ziegaus & Metzger is the state's largest independent public relations firm.
Once a suitable period elapses, Ellen Friedberg of the Friedberg Co. of Beverly Hills would have Simpson show that his life goes on: "I'd have him at a Dodgers game, a USC game, a classroom, a battered women's shelter, anywhere."
Anywhere that will have him?
The new O.J. Simpson's life may be filled with such sneering questions; "the Juice" heard only cheers.