Asian Stocks Succumb to Fresh Bout of Pessimism

From Times Staff and Wire Reports

Key Asian stock markets tumbled anew Monday on fresh pessimism about Japan’s tottering economy, sending the dollar surging as well.

Meanwhile, on Wall Street, blue-chip stocks shook off an early sell-off to end higher. But the broad market remained very weak, with losers swamping winners by 2 to 1 on the New York Stock Exchange.

While the Dow Jones industrial average ended up 90.88 points, or 1%, at 9,028.24, key small-stock indexes surrendered the last of their year-to-date gains.

The Russell 2,000 index of smaller stocks, for example, tumbled 5.42 points, or 1.2%, to 433.16, leaving it below the year-end 1997 close of 437.02.


In Tokyo, the benchmark stock index, the Nikkei-225, fell 417.53 points, or 2.6%, to 15,944.2 on Monday, a one-month low.

Traders cited expectations that Japan’s next premier and his likely appointee for

finance minister won’t be able to rouse the nation from its economic slump.

Banks such as Sumitomo Bank and top exporters, including Sony, paced the decline.


Keizo Obuchi, the new Liberal Democratic Party president and shoo-in for the new premier, will probably tap former Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa for the key finance minister’s position.

“Miyazawa is too tied in to the problem to be a credible part of the solution,” said Fiachra Mac Cana, director of research at WestLB Securities Pacific. “A Miyazawa appointment will lead to a weak currency and a declining market.”

The Nikkei’s drop was its biggest one-day decline since April 16. The index has fallen four of the last five days as Obuchi came to the fore as Japan’s new leader.

The broader Topix index of all companies listed on the first section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange slid 1.9% to 1,233.98.


Obuchi’s victory as ruling party leader came after the close of trading Friday.

Monday’s sell-off reflected dismay at the unimaginative choice of leaders in light of Japan’s economic woes, traders said.

“The market’s firing one or two shots over Mr. Obuchi’s bow, warning, ‘Do something or we will send your currency lower and we will send your markets lower,’ ” said Martin Keeble, joint head of dealing at Schroders Japan.

Other Asian markets followed Tokyo lower. Hong Kong’s market slumped 3.3%, Singapore lost 0.2% and the China World stock index tumbled 4.8%.


Early today in Tokyo, stocks were trying to rally again, with the Nikkei index up 1.2% at 16,138.31 at midmorning. But other Asian markets were mixed.


On Wall Street, a strong earnings report from American Express helped fuel a 170-point turnaround by the Dow on Monday, but most stocks fell again amid continuing worries about last week’s rash of profit warnings.

The Dow, down 400 points last week, fell 81 points early Monday. But American Express’ rise of $5.75, to $112.81, helped fuel broad-based blue-chip buying.


The Nasdaq composite, down as much as 43 points, closed up 2.27 at 1,933.26 as some major tech stocks resurged.

But losers still outnumbered winners by 2 to 1 on Nasdaq.

U.S. stocks were pressured by Japan’s fresh decline overnight and by news that President Clinton received a subpoena to testify before the grand jury investigating his relationship with Monica Lewinsky.

“People are just looking for excuses to sell, and this is a pretty good one,” said Robert Froehlich, chief investment strategist at Scudder Kemper Investments, which oversees $210 billion.


But computer-guided trading buoyed the market in the afternoon. Seven buy programs and six sell programs added a net 62 points to the Dow, according to Birinyi Associates Inc., a Greenwich, Conn., market research firm.

Elsewhere, the bond market saw a modest sell-off, with long-term yields rising.

Bonds were pressured despite the dollar’s strength: The dollar ended up nearly 1 yen, at 142.41 yen, in New York.

Among Monday’s highlights:


* Blue-chip winners included GM, up $2.06 to $73.13; J.P. Morgan, up $1.94 to $127.94; and United Technologies, up $2.63 to $97.31.

* Boeing, one of several big names that stepped forward last week with discouraging earnings news--including a warning about Asia’s continuing negative effect--led the Dow’s early decline, and ended down $1.31 at $39, a 52-week low.

Also, Union Carbide slumped $2.13 to $48.88 despite meeting most Wall Street forecasts with its second-quarter profit report.

* The Nasdaq index’s rebound from a four-session slide was helped by Dell Computer, which rose $5.38 to $110.25 after trading as low as $101.50. Microsoft also helped, gaining $2.94 to $116.75.


* Telecom equipment firm Ericsson plunged $6.13 to $27.56 after its earnings report disappointed investors.


In European trading, Germany’s benchmark DAX stock index posted its sharpest decline in nine months, dragged down by banks, after Deutsche Bank reported lower-than-expected first-half earnings. The DAX plunged 2.5% to 5,885. Most other European markets also weakened.

In currency trading, the Canadian dollar fell to a record-low 66.42 U.S. cents from 66.70 cents late Friday. Traders fear that demand for Canadian natural resource exports may continue to wane.


In U.S. commodity trading, key indexes of raw materials prices fell to new five-year lows, as weak Asian demand puts further downward pressure on prices of grain, energy and other materials.


Market Roundup, D14