Political, sectarian clashes erupt in Beirut

Special to The Times

Armed clashes Wednesday in the Lebanese capital between supporters of the Western-backed government and the Hezbollah-led opposition threatened this divided country’s fragile calm.

The fighting began with opponents of the government setting tires ablaze to block the city’s main roads, notably those leading to the international airport, where flights were suspended. Protesters said they were answering a call by labor unions to oppose government policies aimed at combating inflation, but the unions in the end canceled a planned march because of the chaos.

Tensions quickly took on a political character, with Sunni Muslim backers of the government and Shiite Muslim opposition supporters amassing in their respective neighborhoods and hurling stones at each other. Gunfire erupted in mixed Shiite-Sunni districts. Armed fighters with the Hezbollah-aligned Amal movement and the pro-government Future Movement stood on the corners of empty streets.

“I saw a lot of men armed with Kalashnikovs,” said Jaber, a witness who asked that his last name not be published. “From one side Amal supporters and from the other side supporters of the Future Movement were in the building facing mine. They started shooting at each other.”


There were no reported deaths but as many as a dozen injuries.

Lebanon’s sectarian and political tensions mirror a broader regional conflict. The U.S. and Saudi Arabia support the Sunni-led government while Iran and Syria back the Shiite-led opposition. Lebanon has been without a president since November amid a political deadlock between the two rival camps.

The latest upsurge of chaos in Lebanon’s political crisis began when pro-government politicians accused Hezbollah of spying on the airport to prepare for attacks and assassinations as well as for establishing a private telecommunications system. The Cabinet decided to remove the airport chief.

Hezbollah warned the government against laying hands on the group’s communications network, equating it to the weapons it stockpiles to take on Israel. The Shiite militant group’s supporters said they would continue what in effect is a shutdown of the airport, a key transport conduit for a country that has hostile relations with one neighbor, Israel, and strained relations with another, Syria.

The main road linking the heart of Beirut to the airport was blockaded with piles of sand and burned tires while hundreds of rioters roamed around on scooters. Television news channels showed trucks dumping heaps of sand in the roads and protesters setting garbage containers and cars on fire to block traffic.

Lebanese officials have counted on the relatively nonpolitical army to maintain security. Soldiers backed by tanks stood by Wednesday to prevent the clashes from escalating.

A protester who gave only the name Jihad, 25, said he was angered by escalating prices. “This government is not doing anything to help the poor,” he said. “They should leave. . . . Today everybody will see what they have never seen before. The roads will stay closed.”

Government supporters accused their rivals of throwing stones at them and threatening them. Fliers warning protesters against violence were distributed on the streets.

Most of the Sunni and Shiite parts of Beirut were closed and empty of passersby. Life continued normally in the rest of the country, especially the Christian areas, where people are politically divided between supporters of the government and the opposition.


Rafei is a special correspondent and Daragahi a Times staff writer.