More families relying on food stamps to feed their kids
The United States has more poor children now than it did a year ago.
As more families are hammered by the recession, more are using food stamps to feed their kids, according to a study by the Brookings Institution and First Focus, a bipartisan child advocacy group.
“They are a really good barometer, a kind of economic-needs test,” said Mark R. Rank, an expert on social welfare programs at Washington University in St. Louis. “If you’re receiving food stamps and you’re a child, by definition, you’re in poverty.”
Across the nation, 7 million people joined the food stamp rolls from August 2008 to August 2009, the study said, bringing the number of users to 36.5 million. Half of those are estimated to be children.
Among the states that showed high increases in the percentage of food stamp caseloads were Idaho, 36%; Florida, 34%; and Washington state, 32%. Georgia had a 27% increase in its food stamp caseload, and California and North Carolina were up about 21% each.
“As parents lose jobs and as work becomes scarcer, it’s only natural to see your needs-based programs have more people applying,” said Scott Rowson, a spokesman for the Missouri Department of Social Services.
The study appears to buttress a U.S. Census report last fall that found nearly one in five children live in poverty. Julia Isaacs, a Brookings scholar, said that figure could end up closer to one in four by 2012.
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program is aimed at a broader audience than most anti-poverty programs. Eligibility for food stamps generally requires earning less than 130% of poverty guidelines -- below $28,665 for a family of four -- and having no more than $2,000 in the bank.
Despite the food-stamp safety net, experts worry.
“Children in households that experience poverty are at risk of other kinds of problems, so it’s definitely something to be concerned about,” Rank said. “It has bad effects on families.”