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Trump to tariff steel and aluminum from Argentina and Brazil

President Trump is also calling on the Federal Reserve to lower interest rates again.
President Trump is also calling on the Federal Reserve to lower interest rates again.
(Evan Vucci / Associated Press)

President Trump on Monday accused Argentina and Brazil of hurting American farmers through currency manipulation and said he is retaliating with tariffs on their steel and aluminum.

Trump also called on the U.S. central bank to take action to prevent other countries from devaluing their currencies.

Both South American nations were among a group of U.S. allies that Trump had exempted from steel and aluminum tariffs in March 2018.

Hours before he was set to depart Monday for a North Atlantic Treaty Organization conference in London, Trump tweeted that “Brazil and Argentina have been presiding over a massive devaluation of their currencies. which is not good for our farmers. Therefore, effective immediately, I will restore the Tariffs on all Steel & Aluminum that is shipped into the U.S. from those countries.”

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Argentina is mired in an economic crisis with rampant inflation, deep debt, widespread poverty and a currency that has plunged under the leadership of President Mauricio Macri, who came to power in 2015 with promises to boost South America’s second-largest economy. Macri was defeated in October’s elections and will leave office next week.

Brazil is grappling with stubborn double-digit unemployment rates, and its economy is headed toward its third straight year of roughly 1% growth, after two years of deep recession.

Trump said the U.S. Federal Reserve “should likewise act so that countries, of which there are many, no longer take advantage of our strong dollar by further devaluing their currencies.” He said such devaluation “makes it very hard for our manufactures & farmers to fairly export their goods.

“Lower Rates & Loosen - Fed!” he admonished the independent agency.

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Trump has repeatedly assailed the Fed chairman, Jerome H. Powell, over his leadership and for not cutting interest rates as much as the Republican president would like.

At its most recent meeting, in October, the Federal Reserve cut short-term interest rates for a third time this year to try to support the U.S. economy. But it also signaled that it planned no further interest rate cuts absent clear evidence of a worsening U.S. economic outlook.

Trump’s trade war with China hurt U.S. farmers after Beijing retaliated when the president imposed levies on hundreds of billions of dollars of Chinese-made goods. Trump falsely claims China is paying the U.S. billions of dollars in tariffs.

He also has earmarked nearly $30 billion for farmers to help make up for their losses.

After a brief hike in steel prices, U.S. steel producers have struggled since the Trump administration implemented tariffs last year.

Domestic demand has slumped along with the energy sector as drillers pull back on purchases of steel pipe.

U.S. Steel in its last quarter reported its first loss since early 2017, and the division that makes pipes for energy companies lost $25 million. It has laid off workers and shut down some of its blast furnaces.

Shares of the Pittsburgh company are down 43% over the last year. Shares of AK Steel are down 10%, even as the S&P 500 sets record highs repeatedly.


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