Softbank is the latest target of activist investor Paul Singer

SoftBank's Masayoshi Son speaks during a news conference in Tokyo in July 2016.
(Kazuhiro Nogi / AFP/Getty Images)

Activist investor Paul Singer is taking on one of his most high-profile targets yet: Masayoshi Son.

Singer’s Elliott Management Corp. has built a stake of close to $3 billion in SoftBank Group Corp., according to people familiar with the matter. The New York hedge fund believes SoftBank is one of the world’s most undervalued companies and could easily finance a share buyback of as much as $20 billion by trimming investments in companies such as Alibaba Group Holding Inc. and Sprint Corp.

Elliott has held discussions with SoftBank’s leadership team, including founder Son, the people said. The firm thinks SoftBank’s net asset value could be about $230 billion but that it trades at a huge discount because of concerns around its Vision Fund, as well as how the failed initial public offering of WeWork last year was handled.

SoftBank’s U.S.-traded shares jumped 12% on Thursday after the Wall Street Journal first reported the investment. They closed at $46.49 in New York, giving the company a market value of about $97 billion.

Elliott isn’t seeking any board seats at SoftBank but wants the company to boost independence and diversity on its board, the people said. At most, two of the 11 directors are independent and all are male, they said.


Elliott also wants SoftBank to set up a special committee to review the investment process at its venture capital arm, the Vision Fund, which it thinks has dragged on the share price despite making up a small portion of assets under management, the people said. It also wants greater transparency around the fund, which discloses the names of its investments but not the size of the stakes or the valuation they were made at, the people said.

Known for showering companies with far more cash than they were seeking to raise, the Vision Fund’s strategy has often been to anoint a category leader that no competitor can catch up with. That strategy is working in some cases — Vision Fund-backed Coupang, for example, is South Korea’s largest online retailer — but it has also created casualties.

SoftBank-backed companies Getaround, Wag Labs Inc., Fair and Brandless Inc. have all had to cut staff or change business models once it became apparent revenue and profits were not living up to their once-grand ambitions. In the case of Oyo, the India hotel company, antitrust regulators are now examining its business model. And most notably, co-working company WeWork had to cancel its planned IPO as potential investors backed off, spooked by steep losses and profligate spending.

On Monday, Vision Fund managing partner Michael Ronen, a former Goldman Sachs Group Inc. partner, said he was leaving. He had overseen several investments, including a $2.25 billion deal for General Motors Co.’s Cruise self-driving unit.

“SoftBank always maintains constructive discussions with shareholders regarding their views on the company, and we are in complete agreement that our shares are deeply undervalued by public investors,” a representative for SoftBank said, adding that the company welcomes feedback from fellow shareholders.

Elliott’s investment in SoftBank is one of its biggest, but the firm has never been afraid to take on some of the world’s largest and most high-profile companies, including AT&T Inc., EBay Inc., Hyundai Motor Group and BHP Group Ltd. in recent years.

“Elliott’s substantial investment in SoftBank reflects its strong conviction that the market significantly undervalues SoftBank’s portfolio of assets. Elliott has engaged privately with SoftBank’s leadership and is working constructively on solutions to help SoftBank materially and sustainably reduce its discount to intrinsic value,” the activist firm said in an emailed statement. It declined to comment on the size of its stake in SoftBank.