Rocketdyne retired engineers
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Rocketdyne’s role in the Space Race

Rocketdyne retired engineers
Rocket scientists Bob Biggs, 75, left, Paul Coffman, 74, and Joe Stangeland, 73, with a giant F-1 rocket engine on display in front of the Canoga Park headquarters of Rocketdyne, where the men worked. This is the same kind of rocket engine that was used in the Saturn V rocket that carried Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin to the moon. (Mel Melcon/Los Angeles Times)
F-1 test
The F-1 rocket engine roars to life on a gigantic test stand deep in the desert at Edwards Air Force Base. A cluster of five F-1 engines, built by Rocketdyne, boosted the Apollo 11 astronauts on the world’s first manned lunar landing mission. (Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne)
F-1 production
F-1 engines under production at a Rocketdyne facility. Each F-1 was 18 feet tall and weighed 9 tons. (Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne)
J-2 engines
J-2 engines, shown in a 1964 photo, were used in the second and third stages of the Saturn V rocket’s trek to the moon. (Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne)
F-1 engine
An F-1 engine is tested at Edwards Air Force Base in 1962. (Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne)
J-2 engines
J-2 engines on a production line in 1964. The J-2s had trouble early on with a flexible fuel line, which ended up being replaced with stainless steel pipe. (Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne)
Saturn launch
Rocketdyne’s engines worked flawlessly as the Apollo 11 Saturn V space vehicle lifted off at 9:32 a.m. EDT July 16, 1969, from Kennedy Space Center(NASA)
Saturn V
Visitors to the Kennedy Space Center marvel at the 363-foot-long Saturn V rocket. (Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex)