TUCSON — A ballot measure to overturn a Republican-backed state bill that made sweeping changes to Arizona election law was certified this week as having more than enough valid signatures, but on Friday opponents vowed to challenge those signatures in court.
The effort to block the measure is the latest round in a growing fight in Arizona that revolves around voter participation and allegations of fraud.
Democrats contend that the Republican-led Legislature passed the measure in June as part of a bigger movement to make it more difficult for minorities to vote and third-party candidates to run in the state. Republicans said the law was needed to curb voter fraud and streamline the voting system.
Opponents of the law quickly got to work on qualifying a measure for the ballot in the next general election. On Tuesday, Arizona officials announced that the measure had the necessary signatures required for the 2014 ballot.
Fanning the flames, however, was an Oct. 8 announcement by Arizona Atty. Gen. Tom Horne that two separate voter rolls would be created for future elections — one listing people who could vote in all elections, and the other with those who could vote only in federal races. Both sides expect that order to be challenged in court as well.
Horne and other officials said the new system would help prevent voter fraud. Voting rights activists said it was a political ploy to stop immigrants and minorities from voting.
Horne announced the creation of the two voting lists after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in June that voters didn't need to show proof of U.S. citizenship when registering to vote with a federal form.
Signed by Republican Gov. Jan Brewer in June, House Bill 2305 changes election laws in a number of ways. Among other things, it makes it easier for election officials to take people off the permanent early-voting list and limits who can return a voter's ballot to the polls.
The bill was approved along party lines in the waning hours of the last legislative session. For now, the law is on hold.
Robbie Sherwood, spokesman for the Protect Your Right to Vote Committee, said the group was overwhelmed by the support it received for the measure to overturn the law.
"This is Arizona and 115 degrees every day, and we were out there," he said. "In spite of that we encountered so much enthusiasm, and the majority of our signatures combined a number of independents, Republicans.... It was across party lines and all demographics."
Sherwood's group is a coalition of Latino, labor and nonprofit organizations.
Barrett Marson, spokesman for Stop Voter Fraud, said HB 2305 doesn't make it harder for people to vote. Instead, he said, it streamlines the system and protects against fraud. He said his group would challenge the opponents' ballot measure in court.
"We believe there are significant issues with the signatures that will bump this referendum from the 2014 ballot," Marson said.
He suggested that thousands of the signatures were fraudulent and contended that a good portion of the signature-gatherers were not permitted by law to collect names because they were felons or out-of-state residents who hadn't registered with Arizona officials.
Arizona Secretary of State Ken Bennett and other election officials said the ballot measure had 110,770 valid signatures, easily surpassing the 86,405 needed to qualify. In all, 144,150 signatures were collected.
Sherwood said his group wasn't worried about the validity of the signatures because they had already been vetted by state election officials, who spot-checked a 5% sample in October.
"They were scrutinized by county recorders and the secretary of state, who were advocates of the law that we are trying to undo," he said. "We have an overwhelming cushion and prepared for everything."