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Volcano near Manila belches dark plume; villagers evacuated

Plume of steam and ash from Taal Volcano in the Philippines
A plume of steam and ash emanates from Taal Volcano in the Philippines on Thursday.
(Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology)

A small volcano near the Philippine capital belched a dark plume of steam and ash into the sky in a brief explosion Thursday, prompting officials to start evacuating thousands of villagers from high-risk areas.

Government experts said magmatic materials came into contact with water in the main crater of Taal Volcano in Batangas province, setting off the steam-driven blast with no accompanying volcanic earthquake. They said it’s unclear if the volcanic unrest could lead to a full-blown eruption.

“It’s just one explosive event; it’s too early to tell,” Renato Solidum of the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said at a news conference. Three smaller steam-driven emissions occurred Thursday night, he said.

The agency raised the alarm at Taal — one of the world’s smallest volcanoes, at 1,020 feet tall — to the third tier of a five-step warning system, meaning that “magma is near or at the surface, and activity could lead to hazardous eruption in weeks.”

Alert Level 5 means that a life-threatening eruption that could endanger communities is underway.

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Mark Timbal, a spokesman for the Philippine government’s disaster-response agency, said officials started to pre-emptively evacuate residents from five villages at high risk. Up to 14,000 residents may have to be moved temporarily away from the restive volcano, he said.

The number of deaths believed linked to the intense heat wave that stifled western Canada, Oregon and Washington is now in the hundreds.

Officials reminded people to stay away from a small island in a scenic lake where Taal is located.

The ABS-CBN network broadcast videos of some residents with their belongings in cars and motorcycles forming a line at a gasoline station. Residents said they did not feel any tremors but reported a volcanic sulfur smell.

Batangas Gov. Hermilando Mandanas said evacuation camps, trucks, food packs and face masks were ready in case the volcanic unrest escalated and more people needed to be moved to safety. There were concerns that crowding in evacuation camps might spread the coronavirus in a region that has seen a spike in cases in recent months.

Taal erupted in January last year, displacing hundreds of thousands of people and sending clouds of ash to Manila, about 40 miles to the north, where the main airport was temporarily shut down.

The Philippines lies along the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” a region prone to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. A long-dormant volcano, Mount Pinatubo, blew its top north of Manila in 1991 in one of the biggest volcanic eruptions of the 20th century, killing hundreds of people.


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