Education Department will investigate five states that have banned mask mandates in schools

A closeup of Miguel Cardona, smiling.
Education Secretary Miguel Cardona speaks to the media after a visit to P.S. 5 Port Morris, a Bronx elementary school, earlier this month, in New York.
(Brittainy Newman / Associated Press)

The U.S. Department of Education announced Monday it was investigating five Republican-led states that had banned mask requirements in schools, saying the policies could amount to discrimination against students with disabilities or health conditions.

The department’s Office for Civil Rights sent letters to education chiefs in Iowa, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee and Utah. Those states have barred schools from requiring masks among all students and staff, a move the department says could prevent some students from safely attending school.

“It’s simply unacceptable that state leaders are putting politics over the health and education of the students they took an oath to serve,” Education Secretary Miguel Cardona said in a statement. “The department will fight to protect every student’s right to access in-person learning safely.”


It marks a sharp escalation in the Biden administration’s battle with Republican states that say wearing masks should be a personal choice. President Biden last week asked Cardona to explore possible legal action, prompting the department to examine whether the policies could amount to civil rights violations.

The state policies conflict with guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which recommends universal mask wearing for students and teachers in the classroom.

If the investigations determine that the state mask bans have discriminated against students with disabilities, it could lead to sanctions including a loss of federal education funding.

The department said it had not opened investigations in other states where mask bans had been overturned by courts or were not being enforced, including in Florida, Texas, Arkansas and Arizona. But the agency said it was “closely monitoring” those states and was prepared to take action if necessary.

Some Republican-controlled states have enacted laws or issued orders prohibiting school districts from requiring masks.

Aug. 15, 2021

The investigations aim to determine whether state mask bans amount to a violation of students’ right to a free public education. The department is raising concerns that, in areas with high coronavirus transmission, the bans could discriminate against students who are at heightened risk of severe illness.


The department is launching the investigations at its own discretion and not in response to complaints from parents, but Cardona said families had raised concerns that mask bans could put children with disabilities or health conditions at risk.