England’s health service says it won’t give puberty blockers to children at gender clinics

The rainbow flag flies over a building next to Nelson's Column monument.
The rainbow flag, a symbol of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community, flies over a building next to Nelson’s Column monument, right, in Trafalgar Square, London, in 2014. England’s publicly funded health service says it will not routinely offer puberty-blocking drugs to children at gender identity clinics.
(Lefteris Pitarakis / Associated Press)

The publicly funded health service in England has decided it will not routinely offer puberty-blocking drugs to children at gender identity clinics, saying more evidence is needed about the potential benefits and harms.

The National Health Service said Friday that “outside of a research setting, puberty-suppressing hormones should not be routinely commissioned for children and adolescents.”

People under 18 can still be given puberty blockers in exceptional circumstances, the health service said, and a clinical study on their effect on kids is due to start by next year.


Four new regional clinics are due to open later this year. They replace London’s Gender Identity Development Service, previously the only facility of its kind in England. It is scheduled to shut down after a review said it was overburdened by increasing demand and there was not enough evidence about the outcomes of its treatment.

Hormone blockers can pause the development of puberty, and are sometimes prescribed to children with gender dysphoria. Transgender medical care for minors has been available in the United States for more than a decade and is endorsed by major medical associations.

Erica Anderson took more than half a century to come out as a woman. Now she works with teens in a rush to transition.

April 12, 2022

The issue of gender-affirming care for children is not as heated in Britain as in the U.S., where several Republican-led states have banned puberty blockers and other treatment for transgender minors. But it has been the subject of political and legal battles.

The National Health Service said the new rules were “an interim policy” that would undergo further review, including the outcome of a research study on the effect puberty-suppressing hormones have on gender dysphoria in children and young people.

Findings published last year from a review of children’s gender services led by a pediatrician, Dr. Hilary Cass, said there were “gaps in the evidence base” about the blockers.

The health service said doctors at the new clinics still would be allowed to prescribe the drugs outside of a research setting “on an exceptional, case-by-case basis” and subject to approval from a national team of medical experts.


The health service’s decision does not prevent children and their families from obtaining puberty blockers elsewhere, but that will be “strongly discouraged,” the NHS said.

The NHS said it recognized that once the policy was adopted, it would need to end a related requirement for young people to take puberty blockers for a certain amount of time before they receive hormone treatments.

In 2020, England’s High Court ruled that children under 16 were unlikely to be able to give informed consent to medical treatment involving drugs that delay puberty. The decision was overturned in 2021 by the Court of Appeal, which said doctors can prescribe puberty-blocking drugs to children under 16 without a parent’s consent.