It’s been a long 2 ½ years since Britons narrowly voted to leave the European Union – and to many, it feels like a short 2½ months before that momentous decision is to take effect, on March 29.
Within moments of the parliamentary vote, the head of the opposition Labor Party called for a vote of no confidence in May’s government. Though wounded, she looked fairly well-positioned to survive. The prime minister could also step down voluntarily, but she’s endured a series of humiliations without raising that as a prospect. May could also call for a general election. She became prime minister after the Brexit referendum in 2016.
After the 2016 vote, Britain triggered Article 50 of the EU’s principal treaty, starting a two-year countdown clock for departure. But May could ask the EU for an extension beyond March 29, which the bloc, seeking to avoid even greater chaos, would likely grant. At least one parliamentary faction has already called for a postponement.
Tweaking the deal
Before Tuesday’s vote, the EU firmly ruled out any substantive changes in the negotiated accord, saying the deal that Parliament rejected was the only one on offer. May could return to Brussels to search for some small concessions and bring those before British lawmakers for another vote. But mere tweaks would be unlikely to change the outcome in Parliament.
May has argued passionately that putting the question to a referendum once again would undermine Britain’s democracy, so she’s unlikely to support a do-over “People’s Vote.” But the re-vote idea, which would need parliamentary approval, has considerable public support. The EU would be unlikely to object if British voters backed away from the earlier decision; its highest court ruled late last year that Britain could unilaterally change its mind about leaving. But bitter domestic divisions over issues like sovereignty and immigration would likely roar to the fore — as they did in the original Brexit vote, which was decided by a slim 52% to 48%.