Teenagers and their technology are inseparable, but a new poll shows black teens are the most likely to have access to smartphones — which could explain why they're the biggest and most frequent users of mobile-friendly social media apps Snapchat and Instagram.
A survey released Thursday by the Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research explored teens' social media use and its relationship to race and class. The poll found that nearly 9 in 10 black teenagers use Snapchat, compared with just over 7 in 10 whites. And 4 in 10 black teens report using Snapchat almost constantly, compared with about 2 in 10 white teens.
A third of black teens say they use Instagram almost constantly, compared with about 1 in 5 white teens who responded similarly.
"They're first-movers, in many ways," said Amanda Lenhart, the lead researcher on the poll, whose work has focused on teenagers and social media use. "It speaks to the level of embeddedness of the technology in black youths' lives and their willingness to move into new platforms more quickly than their counterparts."
Overall, teens with access to a smartphone are more likely to use Instagram than those without one — 80% compared with 37%. The same is true for Snapchat, 79% compared with 40%. Just 6% of the 13- to 17-year-olds in the study said they don't use any of the common social media platforms.
Among all teens, the poll shows three-quarters use Instagram and Snapchat, more than the two-thirds who say they use Facebook.
And while texting is still the way 9 in 10 teens send short messages, 4 in 10 also use a messaging app, such as Kik, WhatsApp, Skype or Facebook Messenger. Thirty-four percent of black teens surveyed responded that they use three or more messaging apps, compared with 20% of white teens.
More than 9 in 10 black teens — 95% — have access to a smartphone, compared with 89% of whites and 86% of Latinos. While this may make them savvier on social media and messenger apps, the technology could be a handicap in education or employment, especially for teens who don't have access to other types of devices. Lower-income teens are less likely to have tablets or traditional desktop computers, which cost more and can make tasks like writing a paper, doing homework or filling out a job application easier.
The poll shows that older teens are more likely to be frequent users of Snapchat, Instagram, Facebook and Twitter, and are also especially likely to have access to a smartphone.
Hope Wright uses only her iPhone for social media — never her laptop, which she uses only for schoolwork. She said she just sends texts to friends and family. And the Wilmington, N.C., eighth-grader said that even when she is on Snapchat or Instagram, she's mostly lurking and doesn't post often.