Famine declared for more than 100,000 in South Sudan; 1 million on the brink of starvation

South Sudan's president said Tuesday his government will ensure “unimpeded access” for all aid organizations, a day after famine was declared for more than 100,000 people in the country suffering from years of civil war.

President Salva Kiir's remarks to the transitional national assembly came after famine was declared in parts of oil-rich Unity state. More than 100,000 people are affected, according to South Sudan's government and U.N. agencies. They say another 1 million people are on the brink of starvation.

(Albert Gozalez Farran / AFP/Getty Images)

Oct. 11, 2016: Agop Manut, 11 months, suffers from acute malnutrition and respiratory distress at a clinic run by Doctors Without Borders in Aweil, South Sudan.

(Albert Gozalez Farran / AFP / Getty Images)

Oct. 11, 2016: A mother breastfeeds her child, who suffers from acute malnutrition, at the Doctors Without Borders clinic in Aweil, South Sudan.

(Kate Holt / UNICEF)

Oct. 19, 2016: South Sudanese who fled fighting in nearby Leer queue for aid at a food distribution center set up by the World Food Program in Bentiu, South Sudan.

South Sudan has repeatedly promised to allow full humanitarian access across the country, but with little effect. Some in Kiir's government have expressed hostility toward the international community, accusing it of meddling in the country's affairs.

Human Rights Watch researcher Jonathan Pedneault wrote Tuesday that the famine is a man-made result of “conflict, warring parties blocking access for aid workers and large-scale human rights violations.”

Also Tuesday, the European Commission announced an $87 million emergency aid package for South Sudan, saying this is the first famine declared in the country since it gained independence from Sudan in 2011.

(Kate Holt / UNICEF)

Oct. 20, 2016: A boy's arm is measured to see if he is suffering from malnutrition at a UNICEF emergency medical facility in Kuach, South Sudan.

(Kate Holt / UNICEF)

Oct. 23, 2016: A naked child sits on the floor at a Doctors Without Borders hospital in Bentiu, South Sudan.

(Kate Holt / UNICEF)

Oct. 20, 2016: A woman holds her young son, who is suffering from dehydration and unable to walk, at an emergency medical facility supported by UNICEF in Kuach, South Sudan.

“The humanitarian tragedy in South Sudan is entirely man-made,” EU Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Commissioner Christos Stylianides said in a statement. Crucially what matters is that all parties allow humanitarian organizations to have immediate and full access to do their job and deliver aid.”

Tens of thousands have died in the civil war that began in December 2013 and has continued despite a peace agreement in 2015. More than 1.5 million people have fled the country.

South Sudan also is experiencing severe inflation, which has made food unaffordable for many families.


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