A huge blast destroyed a hotel in the historic heart of the northern Syrian city of Aleppo on Thursday after rebels detonated explosives in a tunnel dug beneath government lines, according to opposition and government accounts.
The explosion ripped through the Carlton Citadel Hotel, near the landmark medieval Citadel and Aleppo’s walled Old City, both deemed United Nations World Heritage sites. Opposition activists said the onetime luxury hotel had become a military base.
Islamist rebels tunneled beneath the hotel and “detonated a large quantity of explosives,” said the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a pro-opposition monitoring group based in Britain. The hotel was “completely collapsed,” the group said, along with several neighboring buildings.
At least 14 soldiers and “pro-regime militants” were killed in the blast and during subsequent clashes, the observatory said.
The Islamic Front, a major umbrella group of hard-core militants who reportedly receive funding from Saudi Arabia, claimed responsibility for the blast. The Islamic Front, along with the Al Qaeda-affiliated Nusra Front, are among the major rebel groups fighting in Syria.
As much as 28 tons of explosives were used in the attack, according to one opposition account.
The state media reported “huge damage to the historic site” after rebels blew up “tunnels they dug under archaeological buildings.”
Video posted on the Internet purporting to document the explosion showed a massive blast and a plume of smoke erupting into the air and drifting over the city, followed by automatic weapons fire.
An anti-government activist reached in Aleppo said the timing of the blast was meant in part to raise deflated spirits after news of the deal Wednesday that saw rebels agree to abandon the Old City of Homs — once dubbed the “capital of the revolution” — in exchange for safe passage out of the city.
The accord effectively put control of Homs back in government hands, a bitter blow for the rebels and a major victory for the government of President Bashar Assad.
“The attack came as a way to raise the morale of the people after the deal that happened yesterday,” said the pro-opposition activist, reached via Skype, who declined to be named for security reasons.
The Carlton Citadel Hotel, among the most luxurious of the hostelries that catered to Aleppo’s once-booming tourist trade, was situated in a renovated stone building that once housed an Ottoman-era hospital.
Syrian rebels have gained considerable expertise at building tunnels, often beneath the rubble in bombed-out districts, and apparently have also mastered remote detonation of explosives cached underground. Earlier this week, the opposition said that dozens of pro-government forces were killed when rebels set off a bomb in a tunnel excavated beneath a checkpoint in northwestern Idlib province.
Aleppo, a trading terminus going back to ancient times, has been a battleground for almost two years in the Syrian conflict. The city, Syria’s commercial hub before the war broke out, remains divided between government and rebel forces.
Vast swaths of Aleppo, including parts of the landmark Old City, have been destroyed in bombardments and gun battles. In recent weeks, both sides have mounted attacks in a bid to gain ground and break the stalemate.
A fire swept through the Old City’s ancient covered market in 2012, causing extensive destruction. The 12th century Umayyad Mosque has also suffered heavy damage from shelling.
Times staff writer McDonnell reported from Beirut and special correspondent Bulos from Los Angeles.