Court revives lawsuit seeking Wiccan chaplains in women’s prisons

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A federal appeals court revived a lawsuit Tuesday by female prisoners who contend the California state prison system is violating their rights by refusing to hire a full-time Wiccan chaplain.

A district court had rejected the inmates’ suit, but a three-judge panel of the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the inmates may have a valid claim.


The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation hires chaplains for five faiths: Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, Muslim and Native American. Inmates of other religions are permitted to worship with those chaplains or with volunteer chaplains.

In their lawsuits, inmates at the Central California Women’s Facility in Chowchilla contend the prison policy favors mainstream religions in violation of the establishment clause of the U.S. Constitution’s 1st Amendment. The inmates said there were more Wiccans at women’s prison than there were Jewish, Muslim or Catholic prisoners.

Wicca is a pagan religion that involves witchcraft. If the inmates’ allegations are true, the appeals court said, “the prison administration has created staff chaplain positions for five conventional faiths, but fails to employ any neutral criteria in evaluating whether a growing membership in minority religions warrants a reallocation of resources.”

The court stressed it was not suggesting that the lawsuit should succeed. A lower court must now evaluate the evidence, including a survey of the religious affiliations of inmates at the prison, the panel said.


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