Israeli economic policy tugged by external, internal forces
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JERUSALEM -- With one eye on troubled economies elsewhere and another on protests inside Israel, the government is walking a tightrope these days to balance economic and political needs.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu raised the deficit target to 3%, nearly double the government’s original target. Netanyahu explained to his cabinet Sunday that this would adjust Israel to the European standard and minimize tax hikes.
Stanley Fischer, governor of the Bank of Israel and one of the world’s renowned economists, disapproved and warned that Israel is at a dangerous turning point, partly due to the deepening financial crisis in Europe. Israel’s economy weathered the last global recession well, but now, he says, it might not fare so well if the European economy deteriorates.
Nor should Israel count on falling back on the U.S. for guarantees, Fischer said recently at an economic policy planning forum. ‘There is a problem with our rich uncle today: He is not so rich and not as friendly’ as last time,’ Fischer said, urging the government to set a lower deficit target, cut expenditures and pass a responsible budget.
In recent years, Israel has adopted a two-year budget. This policy, spurred by finance minister Yuval Steinitz, was designed to streamline expenses and increase governmental stability by sparing the annual ritual of political haggling that takes place as it is prepared each summer. Opponents have complained the two-year budget stifles parliamentary discussion of related policies.
The 2013 budget will be for one year only because of uncertainty that clouds the future of the Eurozone, Stenitz said.
Analysts say it is also because it is an election year, and some have criticized Netanyahu’s deficit move as ‘election economics.’
A year ago, socioeconomic protests rocked Israel for months. The protests began with a specific call for affordable housing but rapidly morphed into a movement demanding overall ‘social justice,’ a more egalitarian distribution of wealth and resources, and reductions in the cost of living.
The government responded with steps that included the expansion of public childcare, government dental care for children, stepped up construction of affordable apartments and increased competition in telecommunications.
Now, social protesters are emerging from hibernation, claiming nothing has changed. The early attempts to recapture last year’s energy faltered until a series of missteps on part of the authorities, including violent arrests and police summons for activists, brought protesters back to the streets.
The protests are gaining in numbers but still lacking in cohesion. Key activists profess they are split between ‘reformists,’ who seek to improve the system, and all-out ‘revolutionists,’ who want the entire system and government out.
Activists have set up a discussion tent in Tel-Aviv, where debates will be held with hopes of clarifying the agenda. The municipality that supported the tent-town last year is less cooperative, strictly forbidding activists to camp out in the streets.
While activists seek to define their demands, a recent study shows people’s feelings that they work mainly to pay taxes and bills are not unfounded. According to the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies, an economic policy think-tank, Israelis will work more for paying taxes than for themselves this year.
Israeli citizens will celebrate ‘Tax Freedom Day’ on July 9, after working 192 days just to pay taxes. According to the report, Israelis have worked more days for the government than for themselves every year since 1990, with the exception of 2010-11. This year, U.S. citizens reached the turning point on April 17.
-- Batsheva Sobelman